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Turmeric Root and Its Bioactive Ingredient Curcumin Effectively Neutralize SARS-CoV-2 In Vitro

Bormann et al., Viruses, doi:10.3390/v13101914
Sep 2021  
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Curcumin for COVID-19
15th treatment shown to reduce risk in February 2021
*, now known with p = 0.000000046 from 26 studies.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
3,900+ studies for 60+ treatments.
In Vitro study showing curcumin neutralizes SARS-CoV2 in vitro with low subtoxic concentrations. Authors note that the clinical use of curcumin is hindered by poor bioavailability, and recommend using methods to increase bioavailability such as nanoparticles, liposomes, micelles, or adjuvants (e.g., piperine).
In Silico studies predict inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 with curcumin or metabolites via binding to the spike Note A, Nag, Moschovou, Kandeil, Singh (B) (and specifically the receptor binding domain Note B, Kant, Srivastava, Eleraky), Mpro Note C, Moschovou, Kandeil, Srivastava, Naderi Beni, Rajagopal, Rampogu, Sekiou, Singh, Winih Kinasih, Thapa, Bahun, Eleraky, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase Note D, Singh (C), Eleraky, ACE2 Note E, Singh (B), Thapa, Alkafaas, nucleocapsid Note F, Hidayah, Suravajhala, and nsp10 Note G, Suravajhala proteins. In Vitro studies demonstrate inhibition of the spike Note A, Mohd Abd Razak (and specifically the receptor binding domain Note B, Goc (B)), Mpro Note C, Bahun, Guijarro-Real, Mohd Abd Razak, Wu, ACE2 Note E, Goc (B), and TMPRSS2 Note H, Goc (B) proteins. In Vitro studies demonstrate efficacy in Calu-3 Note I, Bormann, A549 Note J, Mohd Abd Razak, 293T Note K, Zhang, HEK293-hACE2 Note L, Nittayananta, Wu, 293T/hACE2/TMPRSS2 Note M, Septisetyani, and Vero E6 Note N, Bormann, Eleraky, Kandeil, Leka, Mohd Abd Razak, Nittayananta, Singh, Teshima, Marín-Palma cells. Curcumin is predicted to inhibit the interaction between the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain and the human ACE2 receptor for the delta and omicron variants Kant, decreases pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by SARS-CoV-2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells Marín-Palma, and alleviates SARS-CoV-2 spike protein-induced mitochondrial membrane damage and oxidative stress Zhang.
Bormann et al., 23 Sep 2021, peer-reviewed, 18 authors.
In Vitro studies are an important part of preclinical research, however results may be very different in vivo.
This PaperCurcuminAll
Turmeric Root and Its Bioactive Ingredient Curcumin Effectively Neutralize SARS-CoV-2 In Vitro
Maren Bormann, Mira Alt, Leonie Schipper, Lukas Van De Sand, Vu Thuy Khanh Le-Trilling, Lydia Rink, Natalie Heinen, Rabea Julia Madel, Mona Otte, Korbinian Wuensch, Christiane Silke Heilingloh, Thorsten Mueller, Ulf Dittmer, Carina Elsner, Stephanie Pfaender, Mirko Trilling, Oliver Witzke, Adalbert Krawczyk
Viruses, doi:10.3390/v13101914
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of the coronavirus disease 2019 . The availability of effective and well-tolerated antiviral drugs for the treatment of COVID-19 patients is still very limited. Traditional herbal medicines elicit antiviral activity against various viruses and might therefore represent a promising option for the complementary treatment of COVID-19 patients. The application of turmeric root in herbal medicine has a very long history. Its bioactive ingredient curcumin shows a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. In the present study, we investigated the antiviral activity of aqueous turmeric root extract, the dissolved content of a curcumin-containing nutritional supplement capsule, and pure curcumin against SARS-CoV-2. Turmeric root extract, dissolved turmeric capsule content, and pure curcumin effectively neutralized SARS-CoV-2 at subtoxic concentrations in Vero E6 and human Calu-3 cells. Furthermore, curcumin treatment significantly reduced SARS-CoV-2 RNA levels in cell culture supernatants. Our data uncover curcumin as a promising compound for complementary COVID-19 treatment. Curcumin concentrations contained in turmeric root or capsules used as nutritional supplements completely neutralized SARS-CoV-2 in vitro. Our data argue in favor of appropriate and carefully monitored clinical studies that vigorously test the effectiveness of complementary treatment of COVID-19 patients with curcumin-containing products.
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