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All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   

Inhibition of the SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro main protease by plant polyphenols

Bahun et al., Food Chemistry, doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.131594
Nov 2021  
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Curcumin for COVID-19
15th treatment shown to reduce risk in February 2021
 
*, now with p = 0.0000000096 from 27 studies.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine treatments. * >10% efficacy, ≥3 studies.
4,400+ studies for 79 treatments. c19early.org
In Silico and In Vitro study of plant polyphenols identifying quercetin, curcumin, ellagic acid, epigallocatechin gallate, and resveratrol as SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro inhibitors with IC50 between 11.8µM and 23.4µM. Real-time binding was analyzed with surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy.
45 preclinical studies support the efficacy of curcumin for COVID-19:
In Silico studies predict inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 with curcumin or metabolites via binding to the spikeA,5,10,12,18,21 (and specifically the receptor binding domainB,8,11,14), MproC,5,7,9-11,13,14,16,19,21,22,24,35, RNA-dependent RNA polymeraseD,11,20, ACE2E,12,13,15, nucleocapsidF,6,23, nsp10G,23, and helicaseH,25 proteins. In Vitro studies demonstrate inhibition of the spikeA,30 (and specifically the receptor binding domainB,38), MproC,17,30,35,37, ACE2E,38, and TMPRSS2I,38 proteins. In Vitro studies demonstrate efficacy in Calu-3J,36, A549K,30, 293TL,1, HEK293-hACE2M,17,28, 293T/hACE2/TMPRSS2N,29, Vero E6O,7,11,21,28,30-32,34,36, and SH-SY5YP,27 cells. Curcumin is predicted to inhibit the interaction between the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain and the human ACE2 receptor for the delta and omicron variants8, decreases pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by SARS-CoV-2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells34, and alleviates SARS-CoV-2 spike protein-induced mitochondrial membrane damage and oxidative stress1.
Study covers quercetin and curcumin.
Bahun et al., 14 Nov 2021, peer-reviewed, 10 authors.
In Vitro studies are an important part of preclinical research, however results may be very different in vivo.
This PaperCurcuminAll
Inhibition of the SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro main protease by plant polyphenols
Miha Bahun, Marko Jukić, Domen Oblak, Luka Kranjc, Gregor Bajc, Matej Butala, Krištof Bozovičar, Tomaž Bratkovič, Črtomir Podlipnik, Nataša Poklar Ulrih
Food Chemistry, doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.131594
This is a PDF file of an article that has undergone enhancements after acceptance, such as the addition of a cover page and metadata, and formatting for readability, but it is not yet the definitive version of record. This version will undergo additional copyediting, typesetting and review before it is published in its final form, but we are providing this version to give early visibility of the article. Please note that, during the production process, errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.
Conflicts of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. Appendix A. Supplementary material
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