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All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   

Molecular Docking and Molecular Dynamics Simulations Discover Curcumin Analogue as a Plausible Dual Inhibitor for SARS-CoV-2

Rampogu et al., International Journal of Molecular Sciences, doi:10.3390/ijms23031771
Feb 2022  
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Curcumin for COVID-19
15th treatment shown to reduce risk in February 2021
 
*, now with p = 0.0000000096 from 27 studies.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine treatments. * >10% efficacy, ≥3 studies.
4,400+ studies for 79 treatments. c19early.org
In Silico molecular dynamics simulation study finding a curcumin analogue (curA) as a promising dual inhibitor for SARS-CoV-2.
45 preclinical studies support the efficacy of curcumin for COVID-19:
In Silico studies predict inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 with curcumin or metabolites via binding to the spikeA,5,10,12,18,21 (and specifically the receptor binding domainB,8,11,14), MproC,5,7,9-11,13,14,16,19,21,22,24,35, RNA-dependent RNA polymeraseD,11,20, ACE2E,12,13,15, nucleocapsidF,6,23, nsp10G,23, and helicaseH,25 proteins. In Vitro studies demonstrate inhibition of the spikeA,30 (and specifically the receptor binding domainB,38), MproC,17,30,35,37, ACE2E,38, and TMPRSS2I,38 proteins. In Vitro studies demonstrate efficacy in Calu-3J,36, A549K,30, 293TL,1, HEK293-hACE2M,17,28, 293T/hACE2/TMPRSS2N,29, Vero E6O,7,11,21,28,30-32,34,36, and SH-SY5YP,27 cells. Curcumin is predicted to inhibit the interaction between the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain and the human ACE2 receptor for the delta and omicron variants8, decreases pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by SARS-CoV-2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells34, and alleviates SARS-CoV-2 spike protein-induced mitochondrial membrane damage and oxidative stress1.
Rampogu et al., 4 Feb 2022, peer-reviewed, 5 authors.
In Silico studies are an important part of preclinical research, however results may be very different in vivo.
This PaperCurcuminAll
Molecular Docking and Molecular Dynamics Simulations Discover Curcumin Analogue as a Plausible Dual Inhibitor for SARS-CoV-2
Shailima Rampogu, Gihwan Lee, Jun Sung Park, Keun Woo Lee, Myeong Ok Kim
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, doi:10.3390/ijms23031771
Recently, the world has been witnessing a global pandemic with no effective therapeutics yet, while cancer continues to be a major disease claiming many lives. The natural compound curcumin is bestowed with multiple medicinal applications in addition to demonstrating antiviral and anticancer activities. In order to elucidate the impact of curcumin on COVID-19 and cancer, the current investigation has adapted several computational techniques to unfold its possible inhibitory activity. Accordingly, curcumin and similar compounds and analogues were retrieved and assessed for their binding affinities at the binding pocket of SARS-CoV-2 main protease and DDX3. The best binding pose was escalated to molecular dynamics simulation (MDS) studies to assess the time dependent stability. Our findings have rendered one compound that has demonstrated good molecular dock score complemented by key residue interactions and have shown stable MDS results inferred by root mean square deviation (RMSD), radius of gyration (Rg), binding mode, hydrogen bond interactions, and interaction energy. Essential dynamics results have shown that the systemadapts minimum energy conformation to attain a stable state. The discovered compound (curA) could act as plausible inhibitor against SARS-CoV-2 and DDX3. Furthermore, curA could serve as a chemical scaffold for designing and developing new compounds.
Supplementary Materials: The following supporting information can be downloaded at: https: //www.mdpi.com/article/10.3390/ijms23031771/s1. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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