Conv. Plasma
Nigella Sativa

Meta analysis
Home COVID-19 treatment researchFamotidineFamotidine (more..)
Melatonin Meta
Metformin Meta
Azvudine Meta
Bromhexine Meta Molnupiravir Meta
Budesonide Meta
Colchicine Meta
Conv. Plasma Meta Nigella Sativa Meta
Curcumin Meta Nitazoxanide Meta
Famotidine Meta Paxlovid Meta
Favipiravir Meta Quercetin Meta
Fluvoxamine Meta Remdesivir Meta
Hydroxychlor.. Meta Thermotherapy Meta
Ivermectin Meta

Famotidine for COVID-19
30 studies from 242 scientists
114,119 patients in 11 countries
Statistically significant lower risk for mortality, hospitalization, recovery, and viral clearance.
15 studies from 15 independent teams in 7 countries show statistically significant improvements.
COVID-19 Famotidine studies. Apr 2024.
0 0.5 1 1.5+ All studies 17% With exclusions 18% Mortality 18% Hospitalization 15% Recovery 10% Cases 12% Viral clearance 13% RCTs 27% RCT mortality 15% Prophylaxis 16% Early 48% Late 15% Favorsfamotidine Favorscontrol
Apr 17
Covid Analysis Famotidine for COVID-19: real-time meta analysis of 30 studies
Statistically significant lower risk is seen for mortality, hospitalization, recovery, and viral clearance. 15 studies from 15 independent teams in 7 countries show statistically significant improvements. Meta analysis using the most seri..
Dec 18
Mehrizi et al., Frontiers in Public Health, doi:10.3389/fpubh.2023.1280434 Drug prescription patterns and their association with mortality and hospitalization duration in COVID-19 patients: insights from big data
19% lower mortality (p<0.0001). Retrospective study of 917,198 hospitalized COVID-19 cases covered by the Iran Health Insurance Organization over 26 months showing that antithrombotics, corticosteroids, and antivirals reduced mortality while diuretics, antibiotics, and..
Jul 17
Shamsi et al., Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology, doi:10.1155/2023/5205188 Survival and Mortality in Hospitalized Children with COVID-19: A Referral Center Experience in Yazd, Iran
75% lower mortality (p=0.21). Retrospective 183 hospitalized pediatric COVID-19 patients in Iran, showing no significant difference in mortality with in unadjusted results.
Jul 1
Lin et al., International Journal of Gerontology, doi:10.6890/IJGE.202307_17(3).0008 Impact of Famotidine Use on Clinical Outcomes of Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19 in Taiwan: A Retrospective Study
Retrospective 171 hospitalized patients in Taiwan, showing no signficant differences with famotidine, but a trend towards lower ICU admission. However, authors present only unadjusted results with groups that are not very comparable for I..
May 31
Momtazmanesh et al., Journal of Psychosomatic Research, doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2023.111389 Effect of famotidine on cognitive and behavioral dysfunctions induced in post-COVID-19 infection: A randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study
RCT 50 recovered COVID-19 patients evaluating the efficacy of famotidine for improving cognitive impairment, depression and anxiety. At 6 and 12 weeks, the famotidine group had significantly greater improvements in MMSE (Mini-Mental State..
May 31
Kwon et al., Heliyon, doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e16171 Effectiveness of famotidine on the risk of poor prognosis in patients with COVID-19: A nationwide cohort study in Korea
107% higher progression (p=0.06) and 109% higher need for oxygen therapy (p=0.07). PSM retrospective 6,556 COVID-19 patients in South Korea, showing higher risk of poor outcomes with famotidine vs. other H2-blocker use.
Mar 21
Kim et al., Journal of Korean Medical Science, doi:10.3346/jkms.2023.38.e99 Histamine-2 Receptor Antagonists and Proton Pump Inhibitors Are Associated With Reduced Risk of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Without Comorbidities Including Diabetes, Hypertension, and Dyslipidemia: A Propensity Score-Matched Nationwide Cohort Study
36% fewer cases (p<0.0001). PSM retrospective in South Korea, showing lower risk of COVID-19 cases with H2RA (including famotidine) and PPA use, but no significant difference in severe outcomes (few events, results provided for the combined groups only).
Mar 3
Files et al., eClinicalMedicine, doi:10.1016/j.eclinm.2023.101889 Report of the first seven agents in the I-SPY COVID trial: a phase 2, open label, adaptive platform randomised controlled trial
67% higher mortality (p=0.18) and 100% worse recovery (p=0.02). RCT severe COVID-19 patients requiring ≥6 L/min oxygen, showing worse recovery with the addition of celecoxib and famotidine to remdesivir and dexamethasone. The treatment group mean age was 9 years older, and the treatment group had more..
Feb 28
Özden et al., Boğazi̇çi̇ Tip Dergi̇si̇, doi:10.14744/bmj.2023.77044 Effects of Famotidine on COVID-19 Patients in Intensive Care Unit: A Retrospective Clinical Trial
29% lower mortality (p=0.19), 1% higher ventilation (p=1), and 26% shorter ICU admission (p=0.6). Retrospective 59 ICU patients in Turkey, showing no significant difference in 30-day mortality or invasive mechanical ventilation with 160mg/day famotidine treatment. However, the famotidine group had lower fibrinogen and procalcitonin, s..
Aug 16
Chowdhury et al., World Journal of Clinical Cases, doi:10.12998/wjcc.v10.i23.8170 Role of H2 receptor blocker famotidine over the clinical recovery of COVID-19 patients: A randomized controlled trial
16% lower mortality (p=0.53), 9% shorter ICU admission (p=0.33), 33% faster improvement (p<0.0001), and 7% faster recovery (p=0.14). RCT 208 ICU patients in Bangladesh, showing improved recovery with famotidine. Famotidine 40mg (<60kg) or 60mg every 8 hours.
Aug 16
Loucera et al., Virology Journal, doi:10.1186/s12985-023-02195-9 (date from preprint) Real-world evidence with a retrospective cohort of 15,968 COVID-19 hospitalized patients suggests 21 new effective treatments
18% lower mortality (p=0.25). Retrospective 15,968 COVID-19 hospitalized patients in Spain, showing lower mortality with existing use of several medications including metformin, HCQ, azithromycin, aspirin, vitamin D, vitamin C, and budesonide. Since only hospitalized ..
May 13
Zangeneh et al., Obesity Medicine, doi:10.1016/j.obmed.2022.100420 Survival analysis based on body mass index in patients with Covid-19 admitted to the intensive care unit of Amir Al-Momenin Hospital in Arak – 2021
39% lower mortality (p=0.01). Retrospective 193 ICU patients in Iran, showing lower mortality with famotidine treatment.
Mar 29
MacFadden et al., Open Forum Infectious Diseases, doi:10.1093/ofid/ofac156 Screening Large Population Health Databases for Potential COVID-19 Therapeutics: A Pharmacopeia-Wide Association Study (PWAS) of Commonly Prescribed Medications
7% fewer cases (p=0.16). Retrospective 26,121 cases and 2,369,020 controls ≥65yo in Canada, showing no significant difference in cases with chronic use of famotidine.
Feb 28
Siraj et al., Indian Journal of Clinical Practice, 32:9 Efficacy of Various Treatment Modalities on Patient-related Outcome in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients – A Retrospective Study
36% lower mortality (p=0.002). Retrospective 1,000 COVID+ hospitalized patients in India, showing lower mortality with famotidine and remdesivir in multivariable logistic regression.
Feb 24
Kory et al., Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, doi:10.14740/jocmr4658 “MATH+” Multi-Modal Hospital Treatment Protocol for COVID-19 Infection: Clinical and Scientific Rationale
Review of the data supporting the MATH+ hospital treatment protocol for COVID-19.
Feb 20
Pahwani et al., Cureus, doi:10.7759/cureus.22404 Efficacy of Oral Famotidine in Patients Hospitalized With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2
11% lower mortality (p=1), 12% lower ventilation (p=0.73), 10% lower ICU admission (p=0.86), and 17% shorter hospitalization (p<0.0001). RCT with 89 famotidine and 89 control patients in Pakistan, showing faster recovery but no significant difference in mortality. 40mg oral famotidine daily.
Feb 10
Brennan et al., Gut, doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2022-326952 Oral famotidine versus placebo in non-hospitalised patients with COVID-19: a randomised, double-blind, data-intense, phase 2 clinical trial
48% improved recovery (p=0.23). Small RCT with 27 famotidine and 28 placebo patients, showing improved recovery with treatment. Recovery was faster with treatment for 14 of 16 symptoms. There was no mortality or hospitalization. NCT04724720.
Jan 17
Park et al., BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology, doi:10.1186/s40360-022-00549-7 Comparative risk of incidence and clinical outcomes of COVID-19 among proton pump inhibitor and histamine-2 receptor antagonist short-term users: a nationwide retrospective cohort study
Retrospective 62,117 histamine-2 receptor antagonist users in South Korea, showing lower risk of COVID-19 with histamine-2 receptor antagonist use (famotidine, ranitidine, nizatidine, lafutidine, and cimetidine), without statistical signi..
Dec 31
Wallace et al., BMJ Open, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-050051 Association of the patterns of use of medications with mortality of COVID-19 infection: a hospital-based observational study
11% higher mortality (p=0.33). Retrospective 9,532 hospitalized COVID+ veterans in the USA, showing no significant difference in mortality with famotidine use. The study provides results for use before, after, and before+after. Before+after should more accurately repre..
Oct 31
Wagner et al., JGH Open, doi:10.1002/jgh3.12905 (abstract 10/31/2021) A retrospective analysis of clinical outcomes between hospitalized patients with COVID‐19 who received famotidine or pantoprazole
64% lower mortality (p<0.0001) and 6% lower ventilation (p=0.77). Retrospective 2,184 hospitalized patients in the USA, 638 treated with famotidine, showing lower mortality with treatment.
Oct 31
Stolow et al., American Journal of Gastroenterology, doi:10.14309/ A Retrospective Review: Famotidine Use Is Not Associated With Improved Outcomes in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19
519% higher mortality (p=0.001) and 2390% higher ICU admission (p=0.001). Retrospective 489 COVID+ hospitalized patients in the USA, showing higher mortality with famotidine treatment.
Oct 25
Razjouyan et al., Nicotine & Tobacco Research, doi:10.1093/ntr/ntab223 Smoking Status and Factors associated with COVID-19 In-Hospital Mortality among US Veterans
27% lower mortality (p=0.006). Retrospective 10,074 hospitalized veterans with COVID-19 in the USA, showing lower mortality with existing famotidine use.
Oct 11
Kuno et al., Journal of Medical Virology, doi:10.1002/jmv.27375 The association between famotidine and in-hospital mortality of patients with COVID-19
no change in mortality (p=0.97). PSM retrospective 9,565 COVID-19 hospitalized patients in the USA, 1,593 receiving famotidine, showing no significant difference in mortality.
Oct 1
Fung et al., PLoS ONE, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0266922 (date from preprint) Effect of common maintenance drugs on the risk and severity of COVID-19 in elderly patients
no change in mortality (p=1), 6% lower hospitalization (p=0.0002), and 12% more cases (p<0.0001). Retrospective database analysis of 374,229 patients in the USA, showing higher cases, lower hospitalizations, and no change in mortality with famotidine use.
Jul 12
Taşdemir et al., Konuralp Tıp Dergisi, doi:10.18521/ktd.935888 Famotidine in COVID-19 treatment
45% lower mortality (p=0.29), 37% lower ICU admission (p=0.36), 18% shorter hospitalization (p=0.003), and 20% faster recovery (p=0.04). Retrospective 179 hospitalized patients in Turkey, 85 treated with famotidine and 94 treated with pantoprazole, showing faster recovery with famotidine in unadjusted results.
Apr 30
Elhadi et al., PLOS ONE, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0251085 Epidemiology, outcomes, and utilization of intensive care unit resources for critically ill COVID-19 patients in Libya: A prospective multi-center cohort study
7% lower mortality (p=0.57). Prospective study of 465 COVID-19 ICU patients in Libya showing no significant differences with treatment.
Apr 30
Cheung et al., Gastroenterology, doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2020.05.098 Association Between Famotidine Use and COVID-19 Severity in Hong Kong: A Territory-wide Study
34% higher severe cases (p=0.72). Retrospective 952 COVID-19 patients in Hong Kong, showing no significant difference in severe disease with famotidine use.
Apr 27
Samimagham et al., Research Square, doi:10.21203/ The Efficacy of Famotidine in improvement of outcomes in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients: A phase III randomised clinical trial
33% shorter hospitalization (p=0.04) and no change in recovery (p=1). Very small RCT with 20 patients in Iran, showing shorter hospitalization time with famotidine treatment. There was no mortality or ICU admission. Famotidine 160mg four times a day. IRCT20200509047364N2.
Mar 31
Mura et al., Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy, doi:10.1038/s41392-021-00689-y (date from preprint) Real-world evidence for improved outcomes with histamine antagonists and aspirin in 22,560 COVID-19 patients
21% lower mortality (p=0.02). PSM retrospective TriNetX database analysis of 1,379 severe COVID-19 patients requiring respiratory support, showing lower mortality with aspirin (not reaching statistical significance) and famotidine, and improved results from the combin..
Mar 8
Loffredo et al., Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/s41598-021-84782-w The in-vitro effect of famotidine on SARS-CoV-2 proteases and virus replication
In Vitro study showing that famotidine does not bind or inhibit 3CLpro and PLpro, and no direct antiviral activity was observed with concentrations up to 200µM in Vero E6 and A549 cells.
Feb 28
Yeramaneni et al., Gastroenterology, doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2020.10.011 Famotidine Use Is Not Associated With 30-day Mortality: A Coarsened Exact Match Study in 7158 Hospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 From a Large Healthcare System
51% lower mortality (p=0.22). Retrospective 7,158 hospitalized COVID-19 patients in the USA, showing higher risk or mortality with in-hospital famotidine use, but lower risk when there was pre-existing at-home use, without statistical significance in both cases.
Jan 20
Balouch et al., Journal of Voice, doi:10.1016/j.jvoice.2021.01.007 Role of Famotidine and Other Acid Reflux Medications for SARS-CoV-2: A Pilot Study
22% fewer symptomatic cases (p=0.49) and 37% faster recovery (p=0.32). Survey of 307 patients in the USA, showing no significant difference in COVID-19 cases with famotidine use.
Dec 4
Zhou et al., Gut, doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2020-323668 Proton pump inhibitor or famotidine use and severe COVID-19 disease: a propensity score-matched territory-wide study
81% higher severe cases (p=0.0001). Retrospective 4,445 COVID+ patients in China, showing higher risk of combined death/intubation/ICU with famotidine treatment.
Sep 24
Shoaibi et al., American Journal of Gastroenterology, doi:10.14309/ajg.0000000000001153 (date from preprint) Comparative Effectiveness of Famotidine in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients
3% higher mortality (p=0.67) and 3% higher combined mortality/ICU admission (p=0.62). Retrospective 1,816 famotidine users and 26,820 non-users hospitalized for COVID-19 in the USA, showing no significant differences with treatment.
Aug 26
Mather et al., American Journal of Gastroenterology, doi:10.14309/ajg.0000000000000832 Impact of Famotidine Use on Clinical Outcomes of Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19
61% lower mortality (p=0.004) and 50% lower combined mortality/intubation (p=0.003). PSM retrospective 878 hospitalized patients in the USA, 83 with existing famotidine use, showing significantly lower mortality with treatment.
May 21
Freedberg et al., Gastroenterology, doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2020.05.053 Famotidine Use Is Associated With Improved Clinical Outcomes in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients: A Propensity Score Matched Retrospective Cohort Study
57% lower combined mortality/intubation (p=0.02). PSM retrospective 1,620 hospitalized patients in the USA, 84 with existing famotidine use, showing lower risk of combined death/intubation with treatment.
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Treatments and other interventions are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
  or use drag and drop   
Thanks for your feedback! Please search before submitting papers and note that studies are listed under the date they were first available, which may be the date of an earlier preprint.