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All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   

Vitamin D Status and Mortality from SARS CoV-2: A Prospective Study of Unvaccinated Caucasian Adults

Barrett et al., Nutrients, doi:10.3390/nu14163252
Aug 2022  
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Mortality 78% Improvement Relative Risk ICU admission 15% Progression 53% Vitamin D for COVID-19  Barrett et al.  Sufficiency Are vitamin D levels associated with COVID-19 outcomes? Prospective study of 232 patients in Ireland (Mar 2020 - Apr 2021) Lower mortality with higher vitamin D levels (p=0.006) c19early.org Barrett et al., Nutrients, August 2022 Favorsvitamin D Favorscontrol 0 0.5 1 1.5 2+
Vitamin D for COVID-19
8th treatment shown to reduce risk in October 2020
 
*, now with p < 0.00000000001 from 122 studies, recognized in 9 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine treatments. * >10% efficacy, ≥3 studies.
4,300+ studies for 77 treatments. c19early.org
Prospective study of 232 hospitalized COVID-19 pneumonia patients, showing higher risk of mortality with vitamin D deficiency.
This is the 143rd of 198 COVID-19 sufficiency studies for vitamin D, which collectively show higher levels reduce risk with p<0.0000000001 (1 in 361,397 vigintillion).
risk of death, 78.4% lower, OR 0.22, p = 0.006, high D levels (≥30nmol/L) 144, low D levels (<30nmol/L) 88, adjusted per study, inverted to make OR<1 favor high D levels (≥30nmol/L), multivariable, RR approximated with OR.
risk of ICU admission, 15.3% lower, OR 0.85, p = 0.63, high D levels (≥30nmol/L) 144, low D levels (<30nmol/L) 88, adjusted per study, inverted to make OR<1 favor high D levels (≥30nmol/L), multivariable, RR approximated with OR.
risk of progression, 52.6% lower, OR 0.47, p = 0.12, high D levels (≥30nmol/L) 144, low D levels (<30nmol/L) 88, adjusted per study, inverted to make OR<1 favor high D levels (≥30nmol/L), extended oxygen requirement, multivariable, RR approximated with OR.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Barrett et al., 9 Aug 2022, prospective, Ireland, peer-reviewed, mean age 56.0, 19 authors, study period March 2020 - April 2021. Contact: johnfaul@rcsi.ie (corresponding author).
This PaperVitamin DAll
Vitamin D Status and Mortality from SARS CoV-2: A Prospective Study of Unvaccinated Caucasian Adults
Robert Barrett, Modar Youssef, Irfan Shah, Julia Ioana, Abdullah Al Lawati, Abdullah Bukhari, Suzanne Hegarty, Liam J Cormican, Eoin Judge, Conor M Burke, Catriona Cody, Joseph Feely, Katrina Hutchinson, William Tormey, Eoghan O’ Neill, Aoife O’ Shea, Meabh Connolly, Daniel M A Mccartney, John L Faul
Nutrients, doi:10.3390/nu14163252
COVID-19 and a low vitamin D state share common risk factors, which might explain why vitamin D deficiency has been linked with higher COVID-19 mortality. Moreover, measures of serum vitamin D may become lower during systemic inflammatory responses, further confounding the association via reverse causality. In this prospective study (recruited over 12 months), we examined whether the association between a low vitamin D state and in-hospital mortality due to SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in unvaccinated subjects is explained by (i) the presence of shared risk factors (e.g., obesity, advanced age) or (ii) a reduction in serum 25(OH)D due to COVID-19 (i.e., reverse causality). In this cohort of 232 (mean age = 56 years) patients (all had SARS-CoV-2 diagnosed via PCR AND required supplemental oxygen therapy), we failed to find an association between serum vitamin D and levels of CRP, or other inflammatory markers. However, the hazard ratio for mortality for subjects over 70 years of age (13.2) and for subjects with a serum 25(OH)D level less than 30 nmol•L −1 (4.6) remained significantly elevated even after adjustment for gender, obesity and the presence of diabetes mellitus. Subjects <70 years and >70 years had significantly higher mortality with a serum 25(OH)D less than 30 nmol•L −1 (11.8% and 55%), than with a serum 25(OH)D greater than 30 nmol•L −1 (2.2% and 25%). Unvaccinated Caucasian adults with a low vitamin D state have higher mortality due to SARS CoV-2 pneumonia, which is not explained by confounders and is not closely linked with elevated serum CRP.
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