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Probiotics: A potential immunomodulator in COVID-19 infection management

Singh et al., Nutrition Research, doi:10.1016/j.nutres.2020.12.014
Feb 2021  
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Probiotics for COVID-19
17th treatment shown to reduce risk in March 2021
 
*, now known with p = 0.0000013 from 26 studies.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,200+ studies for 70+ treatments. c19early.org
Review of studies supporting the use of probiotics for respiratory infections and identification of microbial strains potentially beneficial for COVID-19.
Reviews covering probiotics for COVID-19 include Baud, Di Pierro, Kurian, Olaimat, Petrariu, Righi, Singh, Stavropoulou, Taufer, Taufer (B).
Singh et al., 13 Feb 2021, peer-reviewed, 2 authors.
This PaperProbioticsAll
Probiotics: A potential immunomodulator in COVID-19 infection management
Kuljit Singh, Alka Rao
Nutrition Research, doi:10.1016/j.nutres.2020.12.014
COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 is an ongoing global pandemic. SARS-CoV-2 affects the human respiratory tract's epithelial cells, leading to a proinflammatory cytokine storm and chronic lung inflammation. With numerous patients dying daily, a vaccine and specific antiviral drug regimens are being explored. Probiotics are live microorganisms with proven beneficial effects on human health. While probiotics as nutritional supplements are long practiced in different cuisines across various countries, the emerging scientific evidence supports the antiviral and general immune-strengthening health effects of the probiotics. Here, we present an overview of the experimental studies published in the last 10 years that provide a scientific basis for unexplored probiotics as a preventive approach to respiratory viral infections. Based on collated insights from these experimental data, we identify promising microbial strains that may serve as lead prophylactic and immune-boosting probiotics in COVID-19 management.
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