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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality -79% Improvement Relative Risk Assiri et al. Favipiravir for COVID-19 ICU PATIENTS Is very late treatment with favipiravir beneficial for COVID-19? Retrospective 118 patients in Saudi Arabia Higher mortality with favipiravir (not stat. sig., p=0.5) Assiri et al., J. Infection and Public Health, doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2021.08.030 Favors favipiravir Favors control
COVID-19 related treatment and outcomes among COVID-19 ICU patients: A retrospective cohort study
Assiri et al., Journal of Infection and Public Health, doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2021.08.030
Assiri et al., COVID-19 related treatment and outcomes among COVID-19 ICU patients: A retrospective cohort study, Journal of Infection and Public Health, doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2021.08.030
Aug 2021   Source   PDF  
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Retrospective 118 ICU patients in Saudi Arabia showing no significant differences in unadjusted results with zinc, vitamin D, and favipiravir treatment. This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: unadjusted results with no group details; very late stage, ICU patients.
risk of death, 79.3% higher, RR 1.79, p = 0.50, treatment 11 of 67 (16.4%), control 3 of 51 (5.9%), inverted to make RR<1 favor treatment, odds ratio converted to relative risk.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Assiri et al., 28 Aug 2021, retrospective, Saudi Arabia, peer-reviewed, 8 authors.
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Abstract: Journal of Infection and Public Health 14 (2021) 1274–1278 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Infection and Public Health journal homepage: Original Article COVID-19 related treatment and outcomes among COVID-19 ICU patients: A retrospective cohort study Abdullah Assiri a,∗ , Mir J. Iqbal a , Atheer Mohammed a , Abdulrhman Alsaleh a , Ahmed Assiri b , Adeeb Noor c , Redhwan Nour d , Moteb Khobrani a a Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia Department of Pharmacy Services, Asir Central Hospital, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia c Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 80221, Saudi Arabia d Department of Computer Science, Taibah University, Medina 42353, Saudi Arabia b a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 20 November 2020 Received in revised form 2 August 2021 Accepted 25 August 2021 Keywords: COVID-16 Treatment ICU patients Outcome Mortality a b s t r a c t Background: The COVID-19 pandemic remains an immediate and present concern, yet as of now there is still no approved therapeutic available for the treatment of COVID-19.This study aimed to investigate and report evidence concerning demographic characteristics and currently-used medications that contribute to the ultimate outcomes of COVID-19 ICU patients. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among all COVID-19 patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Asir Central Hospital in Saudi Arabia between the 1st and 30th of June 2020. Data extracted from patients’ medical records included their demographics, home medications, medications used to treat COVID-19, treatment durations, ICU stay, hospital stay, and ultimate outcome (recovery or death).Descriptive statistics and regression modelling were used to analyze and compare the results. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committees at both Asir Central Hospital and King Khalid University. Results: A total of 118 patients with median age of 57 years having definite clinical and disease outcomes were included in the study. Male patients accounted for 87% of the study population, and more than 65% experienced at least one comorbidity. The mean hospital and ICU stay was 11.4 and 9.8 days, respectively. The most common drugs used were tocilizumab (31.4%), triple combination therapy (45.8%), favipiravir (56.8%), dexamethasone (86.7%), and enoxaparin (83%). Treatment with enoxaparin significantly reduced the length of ICU stay (p = 0.04) and was found to be associated with mortality reduction in patients aged 50−75 (p = 0.03), whereas the triple regimen therapy and tocilizumab significantly increased the length of ICU stay in all patients (p = 0.01, p = 0.02 respectively). Conclusion: COVID-19 tends to affect males more significantly than females. The use of enoxaparin is an important part of COVID-19 treatment, especially for those above 50 years of age, while the use of triple combination therapy and tocilizumab in COVID-19 protocols should be reevaluated and restricted to patients who have high likelihood of benefit. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Late treatment
is less effective
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