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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Liver damage -416% Improvement Relative Risk Remdesivir for COVID-19  Leo et al.  LATE TREATMENT Is late treatment with remdesivir beneficial for COVID-19? Retrospective 119 patients in Switzerland Higher progression with remdesivir (p=0.04) Leo et al., Digestive and Liver Disease, May 2022 Favors remdesivir Favors control

Hepatocellular liver injury in hospitalized patients affected by COVID-19: Presence of different risk factors at different time points

Leo et al., Digestive and Liver Disease, doi:10.1016/j.dld.2021.12.014
May 2022  
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Retrospective 292 patients in Switzerland showing liver damage associated with acetaminophen treatment and remdesivir treatment.
Gérard, Wu, Zhou show significantly increased risk of acute kidney injury with remdesivir.
Study covers acetaminophen and remdesivir.
risk of liver damage, 416.0% higher, OR 5.16, p = 0.04, treatment 17, control 102, adjusted per study, multivariable, RR approximated with OR.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Leo et al., 31 May 2022, retrospective, Switzerland, peer-reviewed, 7 authors. Contact:
This PaperRemdesivirAll
Hepatocellular liver injury in hospitalized patients affected by COVID-19: Presence of different risk factors at different time points
M Leo, A Galante, A Pagnamenta, L Ruinelli, F R Ponziani, A Gasbarrini, A De Gottardi
Digestive and Liver Disease, doi:10.1016/j.dld.2021.12.014
Background: Prevalence and clinical impact of increased liver function tests in patients affected by Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is controversial. Aims: This observational study evaluates the prevalence of transaminases elevation in hospitalized patients affected by COVID-19 and investigates the presence of factors associated with hepatocellular injury and with mortality. Methods: Data of 292 adult patients with confirmed COVID-19 admitted to the Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale (Switzerland) were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Transaminases were increased in about one-third of patients on hospital admission and twothirds of patients during the hospital stay. On hospital admission, transaminases were more commonly elevated in younger patients, who also reported elevated C reactive protein and a higher degree of respiratory failure. Independent factors associated with abnormal transaminases during hospitalization were drugs, in particular paracetamol (OR = 2.67; 95% CI = 1.38-5.18; p = 0.004) and remdesivir (OR = 5.16; 95% CI = 1.10-24.26; p = 0.04). Mortality was independently associated to age (OR = 1.09; 95% CI = 1.05-1.13; p < 0.001), admission to intensive care unit (OR = 5.22; 95% CI = 2.28-11.90; p < 0.001) and alkaline phosphatase peak (OR = 1.01; 95% CI = 1.00-1.01; p = 0.01). Conclusions: On hospital admission, factors associated with liver damage were linked to demographic and clinical characteristics (age, inflammation and hypoxia) while, during hospitalization, drug treatment was related to development and progression of hepatocellular damage. Mortality was associated with alkaline phosphate peak value.
Conflict of Interest Massimo Leo, Antonio Galante, Alberto Pagnamenta, Lorenzo Ruinelli, Francesca Romana Ponziani, Antonio Gasbarrini and Andrea De Gottardi declare that there are no conflicts of interest.
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Late treatment
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