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In Vitro Determination of Inhibitory Effects of Humic Substances Complexing Zn and Se on SARS-CoV-2 Virus Replication

Hajdrik et al., Foods, doi:10.3390/foods11050694
Feb 2022  
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In Vitro study of a humic substance containing vitamin C, selemium ions, and zinc ions, showing 50% SARS-CoV-2 inhibition at picomolar concentrations.
4 preclinical studies support the efficacy of zinc for COVID-19:
This study includes zinc, selenium, and vitamin C.
Hajdrik et al., 26 Feb 2022, peer-reviewed, 11 authors.
Contact: (corresponding author),,,,,,,,,,
In Vitro studies are an important part of preclinical research, however results may be very different in vivo.
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In Vitro Determination of Inhibitory Effects of Humic Substances Complexing Zn and Se on SARS-CoV-2 Virus Replication
Polett Hajdrik, Bernadett Pályi, Zoltán Kis, Noémi Kovács, Dániel Sándor Veres, Krisztián Szigeti, Ferenc Budán, Imre Hegedüs, Tibor Kovács, Ralf Bergmann, Domokos Máthé
Foods, doi:10.3390/foods11050694
1) Background: Humic substances are well-known human nutritional supplement materials and they play an important performance-enhancing role as animal feed additives. For decades, ingredients of humic substances have been proven to carry potent antiviral effects against different viruses. (2) Methods: Here, the antiviral activity of a humic substance containing ascorbic acid, Se − and Zn 2+ ions intended as a nutritional supplement material was investigated against SARS-CoV-2 virus B1.1.7 Variant of Concern ("Alpha Variant") in a VeroE6 cell line. (3) Results: This combination has a significant in vitro antiviral effect at a very low concentration range of its intended active ingredients. (4) Conclusions: Even picomolar concentration ranges of humic substances, Vitamin C and Zn/Se ions in the given composition, were enough to achieve 50% viral replication inhibition in the applied SARS-CoV-2 virus inhibition test.
Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.
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