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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality 96% Improvement Relative Risk ICU admission 21% Hospitalization time 16% Favipiravir  Tawfik et al.  LATE TREATMENT Is late treatment with favipiravir beneficial for COVID-19? Retrospective 165 patients in Saudi Arabia (June - November 2020) Lower mortality (p<0.0001) and shorter hospitalization (p<0.0001) c19early.org Tawfik et al., Advances in Virology, Jun 2022 Favors favipiravir Favors control

Effectiveness of Early Favipiravir Therapy in Hospitalised COVID-19 Patients

Tawfik et al., Advances in Virology, doi:10.1155/2022/9240941
Jun 2022  
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Retrospective 103 hospitalized patients in Saudi Arabia, showing lower mortality with favipiravir in unadjusted results, and greater efficacy for treatment within 3 days of admission.
This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: unadjusted results with minimal group details.
risk of death, 96.5% lower, RR 0.04, p < 0.001, treatment 1 of 103 (1.0%), control 17 of 62 (27.4%), NNT 3.8.
risk of ICU admission, 21.0% lower, RR 0.79, p = 0.45, treatment 21 of 103 (20.4%), control 16 of 62 (25.8%), NNT 18.
hospitalization time, 15.8% lower, relative time 0.84, p < 0.001, treatment mean 9.6 (±1.2) n=102, control mean 11.4 (±1.7) n=58.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Tawfik et al., 29 Jun 2022, retrospective, Saudi Arabia, peer-reviewed, mean age 60.1, 8 authors, study period 3 June, 2020 - 3 November, 2020. Contact: abdrahmankamal2@gmail.com, drsami61@gmail.com.
This PaperFavipiravirAll
Effectiveness of Early Favipiravir Therapy in Hospitalised COVID-19 Patients
Abdulrahman Tawfik, Abdulrahman Alzahrani, Sami Alharbi, Jamal Almitairi, Arwa Alzahrani, Mohammed Ali Alshehri, Mohammed S Aldughaim, Hani Alothaid
Advances in Virology, doi:10.1155/2022/9240941
COVID-19 is a disease caused by a novel coronavirus with no speci c, standard treatment. We investigated the clinical data of COVID-19 patients admitted to King Fahad Specialist Hospital (KFSH) in Buraydah by comparing the patients who were treated early with favipiravir (within 3 days of admission) to patients who were treated after three days of admission or not treated. 165 patients were con rmed with PCR tests and admitted to KFSH for treatment. Comorbidities contributed signi cantly to increasing the length of stay in hospital at 11.4 ± 0.8 days compared to patients with no comorbidities at 8.6 ± 0.9 days (p 0.041). A total of 103 patients were treated with favipiravir, and we found that early treatment with favipiravir (within 3 days) reduced the length of stay in hospital signi cantly (8.8 ± 1.4 days) compared to patients who were treated after 3 days (13.3 ± 4.6 days) (p 0.0015). Moreover, patients with comorbidities in both early and late treatment groups had signi cantly higher average lengths of stay in hospital (11.2 ± 0.9 days) compared to patients with no comorbidities (7.9 ± 0.7 days) (p 0.017). Interestingly, patients treated early with favipiravir (with comorbidities and without) stayed fewer days in hospital compared to those with late treatment (p 0.021; a di erence of 4.5 ± 1.9 days; and p 0.018; a di erence of 4.2 ± 1.7 days, respectively). In conclusion, our analysis indicates that early treatment with favipiravir can reduce the length of stay in hospital and improve clinical manifestations of COVID-19 patients.
Disclosure Abdulrahman Tawfik and Abdulrahman Alzahrani are cofirst authors. Conflicts of Interest e authors declare no conflicts of interest.
References
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A total of 103 patients were treated with ' 'favipiravir, and we found that early treatment with favipiravir (within 3 days) reduced the ' 'length of stay in hospital significantly (8.8\u2009±\u20091.4 days) compared to patients who ' 'were treated after 3 days (13.3\u2009±\u20094.6 days) (<jats:inline-formula>\n' ' <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M2">\n' ' <mi>p</mi>\n' ' <mo>=</mo>\n' ' <mn>0.0015</mn>\n' ' </math>\n' ' </jats:inline-formula>). Moreover, patients with comorbidities in both ' 'early and late treatment groups had significantly higher average lengths of stay in hospital ' '(11.2\u2009±\u20090.9 days) compared to patients with no comorbidities (7.9\u2009±\u20090.7 ' 'days) (<jats:inline-formula>\n' ' <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M3">\n' ' <mi>p</mi>\n' ' <mo>=</mo>\n' ' <mn>0.017</mn>\n' ' </math>\n' ' </jats:inline-formula>). 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Late treatment
is less effective
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