Conv. Plasma
Nigella Sativa

All favipiravir studies
Meta analysis
study COVID-19 treatment researchFavipiravirFavipiravir (more..)
Melatonin Meta
Metformin Meta
Azvudine Meta
Bromhexine Meta Molnupiravir Meta
Budesonide Meta
Colchicine Meta
Conv. Plasma Meta Nigella Sativa Meta
Curcumin Meta Nitazoxanide Meta
Famotidine Meta Paxlovid Meta
Favipiravir Meta Quercetin Meta
Fluvoxamine Meta Remdesivir Meta
Hydroxychlor.. Meta Thermotherapy Meta
Ivermectin Meta

All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   

Tocilizumab combined with favipiravir in the treatment of COVID-19: A multicenter trial in a small sample size

Zhaao et al., Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, doi:10.1016/j.biopha.2020.110825
Sep 2020  
  Source   PDF   All Studies   Meta AnalysisMeta
Small study with 14 combined favipiravir/tocilizumab, 7 favipiravir, and 5 tocilizumab patients suggesting that tocilizumab combined with or without favipiravir can improve pulmonary inflammation and inhibit progression.
Zhaao et al., 30 Sep 2020, peer-reviewed, 12 authors.
This PaperFavipiravirAll
Tocilizumab combined with favipiravir in the treatment of COVID-19: A multicenter trial in a small sample size
Hong Zhao, Qi Zhu, Chi Zhang, Jiawen Li, Ming Wei, Yuhong Qin, Guilin Chen, Ke Wang, Junhua Yu, Zhao Wu, Xianxiang Chen, Guiqiang Wang
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, doi:10.1016/j.biopha.2020.110825
Background: Since December 2019, COVID-19 has spread to almost every corner of the world. In theory, tocilizumab and favipiravir are considered to be reliable drugs for the treatment of COVID-19 with elevated IL-6. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab combined with favipiravir in patients with COVID-19. Methods: This was a multicenter trial in adults with COVID-19. Patients were randomly assigned (3:1:1) to a 14day combination of favipiravir combined with tocilizumab (combination group), favipiravir, and tocilizumab. The primary outcome was the cumulative lung lesion remission rate (lung CT examination indicated absorption of lung inflammation). Results: Between Feb 2 and March 15, 2020, 26 patients were recruited; 14 were randomly assigned to the combination group, 7 were assigned to the favipiravir group and 5 were assigned to the tocilizumab group. The cumulative lung lesion remission rate at day 14 was significantly higher in combination group as compared with favipiravir group (P = 0.019, HR 2.66 95 % CI [1.08-6.53]). And there was also a significant difference between tocilizumab and favipivavir (P = 0.034, HR 3.16, 95 % CI 0.62-16.10). In addition, there was no significant difference between the combination group and the tocilizumab group (P = 0.575, HR 1.28 95 %CI 0.39-4.23). Furthermore, combined therapy can also significantly relieve clinical symptoms and help blood routine to return to normal. No serious adverse events were reported. Conclusion: Tocilizumab combined with or without favipiravir can effectively improve the pulmonary inflammation of COVID-19 patients and inhibit the deterioration of the disease.
Ethical approval and consent to participate This study has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Peking University First Hospital (2020-032) and has been registered in Chinese clinical trial registry (ChiCTR2000030096 and NCT04310228). All patients signed the informed consent form. Consent for publication Not applicable. Authors' contributions Hong Zhao, Qi Zhu and Chi Zhang drafted the manuscript; Ming Wei, Yuhong Qin, Guilin Chen, Ke Wang, and Junhua Yu participated in the collection and arrangement of clinical cases; Chi Zhang and Jiawen Li participated in the creation of figures and tables; Zhao Wu, and Chi Zhang participated in the proofreading of this paper; Xianxiang Chen and Guiqiang Wang provided the overall principle and direction of the study. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Declaration of Competing Interest The authors report no declarations of interest. The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results. Appendix A. Supplementary data Supplementary material related to this article can be found, in the online version, at doi:
Cai, Experimental treatment with Favipiravir for COVID-19: an open-label control study
Chen, Management of cytokine release syndrome related to CAR-T cell therapy, Front. Med
Coperchini, The cytokine storm in COVID-19: an overview of the involvement of the chemokine/chemokine-receptor system, Cytokine Growth Factor Rev
Della-Torre, Interleukin-6 blockade with sarilumab in severe COVID-19 pneumonia with systemic hyperinflammation: an open-label cohort study, Ann. Rheum. Dis
Emery, IL-6 receptor inhibition with tocilizumab improves treatment outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis refractory to anti-tumour necrosis factor biologicals: results from a 24-week multicentre randomised placebocontrolled trial, Ann. Rheum. Dis
Furuta, Favipiravir (T-705), a novel viral RNA polymerase inhibitor, Antiviral Res
Genovese, Interleukin-6 receptor inhibition with tocilizumab reduces disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis with inadequate response to diseasemodifying antirheumatic drugs: the tocilizumab in combination with traditional disease-modifying antirheumatic drug therapy study, Arthritis Rheum
Grupp, Chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells for acute lymphoid leukemia, N. Engl. J. Med
Herold, Level of IL-6 predicts respiratory failure in hospitalized symptomatic COVID-19 patients, medRxiv
Hunter, Jones, IL-6 as a keystone cytokine in health and disease, Nat. Immunol
Jones, Jenkins, Recent insights into targeting the IL-6 cytokine family in inflammatory diseases and cancer, Nat. Rev. Immunol
Jones, The AMBITION trial: tocilizumab monotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis, Expert Rev. Clin. Immunol
Li, Early transmission dynamics in Wuhan, China, of novel coronavirusinfected pneumonia, N. Engl. J. Med
Liu, The role of interleukin-6 in monitoring severe case of coronavirus disease, EMBO Mol. Med
Neurath, Susetta Finotto, IL-6 signaling in autoimmunity, chronic inflammation and inflammation-associated cancer, Cytokine Growth Factor Rev
Nishimoto, Mechanisms and pathologic significances in increase in serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble IL-6 receptor after administration of an anti-IL-6 receptor antibody, tocilizumab, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and Castleman disease, Blood
Peng-Jiao An, Zhu, Yang, Biochemical indicators of coronavirus disease 2019 exacerbation and the clinical implications, Pharmacol. Res
Ramiro, Historically controlled comparison of glucocorticoids with or without tocilizumab versus supportive care only in patients with COVID-19-associated cytokine storm syndrome: results of the CHIC study, Ann. Rheum. Dis
Smolen, Effect of interleukin-6 receptor inhibition with tocilizumab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (OPTION study): a double-blind, placebocontrolled, randomised trial, Lancet
Somers, Tocilizumab for treatment of mechanically ventilated patients with COVID-19, Clin. Infect. Dis
Wang, Remdesivir and chloroquine effectively inhibit the recently emerged novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in vitro, Cell Res
Winkler, Cytokine-release syndrome in patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia and high lymphocyte counts after treatment with an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (rituximab, IDEC-C2B8), Blood
Wu, Mcgoogan, Characteristics of and important lessons from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China: summary of a report of 72 314 cases from the chinese center for disease control and prevention, JAMA
Xu, Effective treatment of severe COVID-19 patients with tocilizumab, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci
Zhang, Cytokine release syndrome in severe COVID-19: interleukin-6 receptor antagonist tocilizumab may be the key to reduce mortality, Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents
Zhou, Pathogenic T-cells and inflammatory monocytes incite inflammatory storms in severe COVID-19 patients, Sci. Rev
Late treatment
is less effective
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Vaccines and treatments are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
  or use drag and drop