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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality 46% Improvement Relative Risk Vitamin C for COVID-19  Bhowmik et al.  META ANALYSIS c19early.org Favors vitamin C Favors control

Impact of high-dose vitamin C on the mortality, severity, and duration of hospital stay in COVID-19 patients: A meta-analysis

Bhowmik et al., Health Science Reports, doi:10.1002/hsr2.762
Aug 2022  
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Vitamin C for COVID-19
6th treatment shown to reduce risk in September 2020
 
*, now known with p = 0.000000087 from 70 studies, recognized in 11 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,100+ studies for 60+ treatments. c19early.org
Meta analysis of 15 studies with 2,125 COVID-19 patients showing significantly lower mortality with high-dose vitamin C.
6 meta analyses show significant improvements with vitamin C for mortality Bhowmik, Kow, Kow (B), Olczak-Pruc, progression Sun, severity Bhowmik, and cases Xu.
Currently there are 70 vitamin C for COVID-19 studies, showing 19% lower mortality [9‑27%], 9% lower ventilation [-12‑27%], 14% lower ICU admission [3‑24%], 19% lower hospitalization [6‑30%], and 4% more cases [-13‑25%].
risk of death, 46.0% lower, OR 0.54, p < 0.001, RR approximated with OR.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Bhowmik et al., 8 Aug 2022, peer-reviewed, 4 authors. Contact: research_safiq@yahoo.com.
This PaperVitamin CAll
Impact of high‐dose vitamin C on the mortality, severity, and duration of hospital stay in COVID‐19 patients: A meta‐analysis
Khokon Kanti Bhowmik, Md. Abdul Barek, Md. Abdul Aziz, Mohammad Safiqul Islam
Health Science Reports, doi:10.1002/hsr2.762
Background and Aims: Vitamin C has been predicted to be effective as an antioxidant in treating various ailments, including viral infections such as pervasive coronavirus disease (COVID-19). With this meta-analysis, we looked to ascertain the relationship between high-dose vitamin C administration and mortality, severity, and length of hospitalization of COVID-19 patients. Methods: We collected articles from PubMed, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, SAGE, and Cochrane databases between January 1, 2020, and May 30, 2022. Odds ratio (ORs) with corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) and p value were calculated to assess the connection of high-dose vitamin C in COVID-19 patients' mortality and severity. The length of hospitalization was calculated and pooled with the mean difference (MD), 95% CI, and p value. Review manager 5.3 was used to carry out this meta-analysis. Results: This meta-analysis included 15 complete studies involving 2125 COVID-19 patients. Our study demonstrated a significant correlation between vitamin C consumption and death. Vitamin C consumption significantly reduces mortality risk with COVID-19 patients (OR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.42-0.69, p < 0.00001). Furthermore, there was a link between the severity of COVID-19 and the intake of vitamin C. Patients who consumed vitamin C showed 0.63 times less severity than those who did not take vitamin C (OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.43-0.94, p = 0.02). Patients taking vitamin C spent slightly more time in hospital than those who did not take vitamin C (MD = 0.19, 95% CI = −1.57 to 1.96, p = 0.83). Conclusions: During COVID-19, there was a substantial advantage in taking supplementary vitamin C, at least in terms of severity and mortality.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST The authors declare no conflict of interest. DATA AVAILABILITY STATEMENT The authors confirm that the data supporting the findings of this study are available within the article and/or its supplementary materials. TRANSPARENCY STATEMENT I, Mohammad S. Islam, the corresponding author of the referred article, declare that the manuscript is an honest, accurate, and transparent account of the study being reported; that no important aspects of the study have been omitted; and any discrepancies from the study as planned (and, if relevant, registered) have been explained. All authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript. Mohammad Safiqul Islam had full access to all of the data in this study and takes complete responsibility for the integrity of the data.
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Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Treatments and other interventions are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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