Real-world effectiveness of early remdesivir and sotrovimab in the highest-risk COVID-19 outpatients during the Omicron surge
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, doi:10.1093/jac/dkac256
Background: Remdesivir and sotrovimab both have clinical trial data in the outpatient setting demonstrating reduction in the risk of hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits related to COVID-19. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of remdesivir in comparison with sotrovimab and matched high-risk control patients in preventing COVID-19-related hospitalizations and ED visits during the Omicron B.1.1.529 surge. Patients and methods: This retrospective cohort study included outpatients positive for SARS-CoV-2, with nonsevere symptoms for ≤7 days and deemed high-risk for severe COVID-19 by an internal scoring matrix. Patients who received remdesivir or sotrovimab from 27/12/2021 to 04/02/2022 were included (n = 82 and n = 88, respectively). These were compared with a control cohort of high-risk COVID-19 outpatients who did not receive therapy (n = 90). The primary outcome was a composite of 29 day COVID-19-related hospitalizations and/or ED visits. Pre-specified secondary outcomes included components of the primary endpoint, 29 day all-cause mortality and serious adverse drug events. Results: Patients treated with remdesivir were significantly less likely to be hospitalized or visit the ED within 29 days from symptom onset (11% versus 23.3%; OR = 0.41, 95% CI = 0.17-0.95). Patients receiving sotrovimab were also less likely to be hospitalized or visit the ED (8% versus 23.3%; OR = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.11-0.71). There was no difference in the incidence of hospitalizations/ED visits between sotrovimab and remdesivir. Conclusions: Our highest-risk outpatients with Omicron-related COVID-19 who received early sotrovimab or remdesivir had significantly lower likelihoods of a hospitalization and/or ED visit.
Author contributions Concept and design: N.P., K.Z., A.I. and J.M. Acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data: N.P., K.Z., A.I. and J.M. Drafting of manuscript: N.P., A.I., K.Z., J.F. and S.S. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: K.K. and J.M. Statistical analysis: N.P. and K.Z.
Supplementary data Table S1 is available as Supplementary data at JAC Online.
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