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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Severe case 71% Improvement Relative Risk Exercise for COVID-19  Kapusta et al.  Prophylaxis Does physical activity reduce risk for COVID-19? Retrospective 568 patients in Poland (March - August 2020) Lower severe cases with higher activity levels (p=0.001) Kapusta et al., J. Infection and Publi.., Dec 2022 Favors exercise Favors inactivity

Do selected lifestyle parameters affect the severity and symptoms of COVID-19 among elderly patients? The retrospective evaluation of individuals from the STOP-COVID registry of the PoLoCOV study

Kapusta et al., Journal of Infection and Public Health, doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2022.12.008, NCT05018052
Dec 2022  
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Exercise for COVID-19
9th treatment shown to reduce risk in October 2020
*, now known with p < 0.00000000001 from 66 studies.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
3,900+ studies for 60+ treatments.
Retrospective 568 convalescent COVID-19 patients in Poland, showing lower risk of severe cases with regular physical activity in the 3 months before COVID-19.
risk of severe case, 70.9% lower, OR 0.29, p = 0.001, high activity levels 181, low activity levels 387, inverted to make OR<1 favor high activity levels, RR approximated with OR.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Kapusta et al., 12 Dec 2022, retrospective, Poland, peer-reviewed, survey, mean age 70.4, 7 authors, study period 1 March, 2020 - 30 August, 2020, trial NCT05018052 (history). Contact:,
This PaperExerciseAll
Do selected lifestyle parameters affect the severity and symptoms of COVID-19 among elderly patients? The retrospective evaluation of individuals from the STOP-COVID registry of the PoLoCOV study
Dr Joanna Kapusta, Dr Michał Chudzik, Żaneta Kałuzińska-Kołat, Damian Kołat, Monika Burzyńska, Piotr Jankowski, Mateusz Babicki
Journal of Infection and Public Health, doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2022.12.008
This is a PDF file of an article that has undergone enhancements after acceptance, such as the addition of a cover page and metadata, and formatting for readability, but it is not yet the definitive version of record. This version will undergo additional copyediting, typesetting and review before it is published in its final form, but we are providing this version to give early visibility of the article. Please note that, during the production process, errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.
Author contributions: JKinterpretation of obtained results, preparation of the text of the study, review and editing. MCdevelopment of assumptions and research methods, collecting source materials and carrying out research, preparation of the text of the study; ŻKKpreparation of the text of the study, data collection, review and editing; DKpreparation of the text of the study, data collection, review and editing; MBustatistical analysis of research results, interpretation of the obtained results; PJinterpretation of obtained results, review and editing; MBastatistical analysis of research results, interpretation of the obtained results, preparation of the text of the study, review and editing. Competing interests: The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Data and materials availability: The data underlying this article cannot be shared publicly, to protect the privacy of individuals that participated in the study. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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