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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality 62% Improvement Relative Risk Vitamin D for COVID-19  Anjum et al.  Sufficiency Are vitamin D levels associated with COVID-19 outcomes? Prospective study of 140 patients in Pakistan (Mar - Jun 2020) Lower mortality with higher vitamin D levels (p=0.02) Anjum et al., Pakistan J. Med. Heal. S.., Jul 2020 Favors vitamin D Favors control

Examine the association between severe vitamin D deficiency and mortality in patients with Covid-19

Anjum et al., Pakistan J. Med. Heal. Sci., 14:3
Jul 2020  
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Prospective study of 140 COVID-19 patients in Pakistan, showing significantly higher mortality with vitamin D deficiency.
This is the 7th of 184 COVID-19 sufficiency studies for vitamin D, which collectively show higher levels reduce risk with p<0.0000000001 (1 in 712 vigintillion). This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: unadjusted results with no group details.
risk of death, 62.5% lower, RR 0.38, p = 0.02, high D levels (≥25nmol/L) 8 of 80 (10.0%), low D levels (<25nmol/L) 16 of 60 (26.7%), NNT 6.0.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Anjum et al., 31 Jul 2020, prospective, Pakistan, peer-reviewed, 6 authors, study period March 2020 - June 2020.
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This PaperVitamin DAll
Examine the Association Between Severe Vitamin D Deficiency and Mortality in Patients with Covid-19
Dr Shakeel Anjum, Saima Suleman, Saadullah Afridi, Ghazala Yasmeen, Saleha Afridi, Yar Khan
Aim: To determine the association between severe vitamin D deficiency and mortality in patients presented with covid-19.
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