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Factors Associated with Length of Hospital Stay among COVID-19 Patients in Saudi Arabia: A Retrospective Study during the First Pandemic Wave

Alahmari et al., Healthcare, doi:10.3390/healthcare10071201
Jun 2022  
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Hospitalization time 30% Improvement Relative Risk Zinc for COVID-19  Alahmari et al.  LATE TREATMENT Is late treatment with zinc beneficial for COVID-19? Retrospective 977 patients in Saudi Arabia (May - July 2020) Shorter hospitalization with zinc (p<0.000001) c19early.org Alahmari et al., Healthcare, June 2022 Favorszinc Favorscontrol 0 0.5 1 1.5 2+
Zinc for COVID-19
2nd treatment shown to reduce risk in July 2020
 
*, now with p = 0.00000064 from 45 studies, recognized in 17 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine treatments. * >10% efficacy, ≥3 studies.
4,400+ studies for 79 treatments. c19early.org
Retrospective 977 hospitalized patients in Saudi Arabia, showing significantly shorter hospitalization with zinc treatment.
hospitalization time, 30.2% lower, relative time 0.70, p < 0.001, treatment mean 6.39 (±0.76) n=130, control mean 9.15 (±0.27) n=847.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Alahmari et al., 27 Jun 2022, retrospective, Saudi Arabia, peer-reviewed, 7 authors, study period 1 May, 2020 - 30 July, 2020. Contact: a.alahmari@psau.edu.sa (corresponding author), z.almalki@psau.edu.sa, aa.albassam@psau.edu.sa, ah.alshehri@psau.edu.sa, n.ahmed@psau.edu.sa, mmaalsultan@iau.edu.sa, ph.abdalhadi@gmail.com.
This PaperZincAll
Factors Associated with Length of Hospital Stay among COVID-19 Patients in Saudi Arabia: A Retrospective Study during the First Pandemic Wave
Abdullah K Alahmari, Ziyad S Almalki, Ahmed A Albassam, Mohammed M Alsultan, Ahmed M Alshehri, Nehad J Ahmed, Abdulhadi M Alqahtani
Healthcare, doi:10.3390/healthcare10071201
The COVID-19 pandemic severely affected healthcare systems and tested their preparedness. To date, the length of hospital stay (LoHS) and its factors among COVID-19 patients has not been thoroughly studied. Moreover, it is essential to identify the features of these patients. Adult COVID-19 patients in Saudi Arabia with complete electronic medical records and who were hospitalised for >1 day between 1 May 2020 and 30 July 2020 at one of two hospitals were considered for this retrospective cohort study. Descriptive statistics and multivariate generalized linear models were performed using the data. Of the patients, 34% were ≥50 years old and 80.14% were female. More than 70% had mild-to-moderate symptoms; 45% had either diabetes or hypertension. The median LoHS was 7.00 days (IQR: 3-11). Patients who were females, had either critical or severe disease, were on mechanical ventilation, had diabetes, and administered ceftriaxone had significantly longer LoHS (p < 0.05). Patients administered zinc sulphate had significantly shorter LoHS (p = 0.0008). During the first pandemic wave, COVID-19 patients were hospitalised for 7 days. Healthcare professionals should pay more attention to women, patients with diabetes, and those with severe or critical symptoms. Unnecessary use of ceftriaxone should be minimised, and zinc sulphate can be administered.
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Late treatment
is less effective
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