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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Hospitalization 41% Improvement Relative Risk Vitamin D for COVID-19  Abdulateef et al.  Prophylaxis Is prophylaxis with vitamin D beneficial for COVID-19? Retrospective 427 patients in Iraq (July - August 2020) Lower hospitalization with vitamin D (not stat. sig., p=0.3) c19early.org Abdulateef et al., Open Medicine, April 2021 Favors vitamin D Favors control

COVID-19 severity in relation to sociodemographics and vitamin D use

Abdulateef et al., Open Medicine, doi:10.1515/med-2021-0273
Apr 2021  
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Vitamin D for COVID-19
8th treatment shown to reduce risk in October 2020
 
*, now known with p < 0.00000000001 from 120 studies, recognized in 8 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,200+ studies for 70+ treatments. c19early.org
Survey of 428 recovered COVID-19 patients in Iraq, showing fewer hospital visits for patients on prophylactic vitamin C or D. Hospitalization was lower for those on vitamin C, D, or zinc, without statistical significance.
This is the 30th of 120 COVID-19 controlled studies for vitamin D, which collectively show efficacy with p<0.0000000001 (1 in 248 sextillion).
29 studies are RCTs, which show efficacy with p=0.0000024.
This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: unadjusted results with no group details.
Study covers zinc, vitamin C, and vitamin D.
risk of hospitalization, 40.9% lower, RR 0.59, p = 0.30, treatment 6 of 127 (4.7%), control 24 of 300 (8.0%), NNT 31, unadjusted.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Abdulateef et al., 8 Apr 2021, retrospective, Iraq, peer-reviewed, 7 authors, study period July 2020 - August 2020, dosage varies.
This PaperVitamin DAll
COVID-19 severity in relation to sociodemographics and vitamin D use
Darya Saeed Abdulateef, Heshu Sulaiman Rahman, Jamal Mahmood Salih, Sangar Mahmoud Osman, Trifa Abdalla Mahmood, Shirwan Hama Salih Omer, Rana Adnan Ahmed
Open Medicine, doi:10.1515/med-2021-0273
Most COVID-19 cases are treated as outpatients, while the majority of studies on COVID-19 focus on inpatients. Little is known about the self-reporting and selfrating of the disease's symptoms, and the associations of prophylactic use of dietary supplements with COVID-19 severity have not been addressed. The aims of this study are to evaluate COVID-19 severity and to relate them to sociodemographic characteristics and prophylactic dietary supplements. An observational patient-based study conducted through an online questionnaire on recovered COVID-19 patients. The patients were assessed for several severity parameters, sociodemographic parameters, and prophylactic dietary supplement use. A total of 428 patients were evaluated. Age and presence of comorbidities had positive associations with the severity parameters. The severe infection group had the highest proportion of patients stressed about COVID-19 (P < 0.05). Cigarette, but not hookah, smoking was significantly associated with less severe symptoms. Vitamin D negatively predicted disease severity (P < 0.05). In conclusion, stress, age, and presence of comorbidities were the most important positive predictors of COVID-19 severity, while prophylactic vitamin D use and smoking were significant negative predictors. The use of protective measures and other prophylactic dietary supplements was not significantly associated with symptom severity.
Conflict of interest: There is no conflict of interest. Data availability statement: The SPSS file that contains the data of all patients who enrolled in the final analysis was uploaded to Figshare data repository website and its link will be available upon reasonable request. Appendix
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Age and presence of comorbidities had positive ' 'associations with the severity parameters. The severe infection group had the highest ' 'proportion of patients stressed about COVID-19 (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &lt; 0.05). ' 'Cigarette, but not hookah, smoking was significantly associated with less severe symptoms. ' 'Vitamin D negatively predicted disease severity (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &lt; 0.05). In ' 'conclusion, stress, age, and presence of comorbidities were the most important positive ' 'predictors of COVID-19 severity, while prophylactic vitamin D use and smoking were ' 'significant negative predictors. 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Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Treatments and other interventions are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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