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All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   
0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality 18% Improvement Relative Risk Zinc for COVID-19  Krishnan et al.  LATE TREATMENT Is late treatment with zinc beneficial for COVID-19? Retrospective 152 patients in the USA Lower mortality with zinc (not stat. sig., p=0.18) c19early.org Krishnan et al., J Clin Anesth., July 2020 Favors zinc Favors control

Clinical comorbidities, characteristics, and outcomes of mechanically ventilated patients in the State of Michigan with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia

Krishnan et al., J Clin Anesth., doi:10.1016/j.jclinane.2020.110005
Jul 2020  
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Zinc for COVID-19
2nd treatment shown to reduce risk in July 2020
 
*, now known with p = 0.0000013 from 44 studies, recognized in 11 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,200+ studies for 70+ treatments. c19early.org
Retrospective 152 mechanically ventilated patients in the USA showing unadjusted lower mortality with vitamin C, vitamin D, HCQ, and zinc treatment, statistically significant only for vitamin C.
This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: unadjusted results with no group details.
Study covers zinc, vitamin D, vitamin C, and HCQ.
risk of death, 17.6% lower, RR 0.82, p = 0.18, treatment 31 of 58 (53.4%), control 61 of 94 (64.9%), NNT 8.7.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Krishnan et al., 20 Jul 2020, retrospective, USA, peer-reviewed, 13 authors.
This PaperZincAll
Clinical comorbidities, characteristics, and outcomes of mechanically ventilated patients in the State of Michigan with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia
Sandeep Krishnan, Kinjal Patel, Ronak Desai, Anupam Sule, Peter Paik, Ashley Miller, Alicia Barclay, Adam Cassella, Jon Lucaj, Yvonne Royster, Joffer Hakim, Zulfiqar Ahmed, Farhad Ghoddoussi
Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, doi:10.1016/j.jclinane.2020.110005
Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID-19. The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect, the company's public news and information website. Elsevier hereby grants permission to make all its COVID-19-related research that is available on the COVID-19 resource centre -including this research content -immediately available in PubMed Central and other publicly funded repositories, such as the WHO COVID database with rights for unrestricted research re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for free by Elsevier for as long as the COVID-19 resource centre remains active.
References
Huang, Wang, Li, Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China, Lancet
Richardson, Hirsch, Narasimhan, Presenting characteristics, comorbidities, and outcomes among 5700 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the New York City area, JAMA
Sandeep Krishnan A,B,C, Patel D,E, Desai D,E , Anupam Sule F,G, Paik, Miller et al., None
Zhou, Yu, Du, Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study, Lancet
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Late treatment
is less effective
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Treatments and other interventions are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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