Major dietary patterns in relation to disease severity, symptoms, and inflammatory markers in patients recovered from COVID
Takashi Shigematsu, Timotius Ivan Hariyanto, Omid Sadeghi, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Armin Ebrahimzadeh, Alireza Milajerdi
CITATION Ebrahimzadeh A, Taghizadeh M and Milajerdi A ( ) Major dietary patterns in relation to disease severity, symptoms, and inflammatory markers in patients recovered from COVID-.
Ethics statement The studies involving human participants were reviewed and approved by Ethics Committee of Kashan University of Medical Sciences. The patients/participants provided their written informed consent to participate in this study.
Author contributions AE: conceptualization, formal analysis, writing-original draft, writing-review and editing, and data collection. AM: supervision, conceptualization, methodology, investigation, funding acquisition, formal analysis, writing-original draft, and writing-review and editing. MT: supervision, conceptualization, formal analysis, writing-original draft, and writing-review and editing. All authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version.
Conflict of interest The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
Publisher's note All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
Supplementary material The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/ fnut.2022.929384/full#supplementary-material
Academy, Medical, COVID-19 pandemic: triage for intensivecare treatment under resource scarcity, Swiss Med Wkly, doi:10.4414/smw.2020.20229
Alamri, Khan, Alshehri, Assiri, Khan et al., Association of healthy diet with recovery time from COVID-19: results from a nationwide cross-sectional study, Int J Environ Res Public Health, doi:10.3390/ijerph18168248
Bonaccio, Cerletti, Iacoviello, De Gaetano, Mediterranean diet and low-grade subclinical inflammation: the Moli-sani study, Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets, doi:10.2174/1871530314666141020112146
Cai, Yang, Zhang, Obesity is associated with severe disease and mortality in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a meta-analysis, BMC Public Health, doi:10.1186/s12889-021-11546-6
Challen, Brooks-Pollock, Read, Dyson, Tsaneva-Atanasova et al., Risk of mortality in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 variant of concern 202012/1: matched cohort study, BMJ, doi:10.1136/bmj.n579
Ebrahimzadeh, Ebrahimzadeh, Mirghazanfari, Hazrati, Hadi et al., The effect of ginger supplementation on metabolic profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, Complement Ther Med, doi:10.1007/s00394-019-01931-8
Ebrahimzadeh, Mohseni, Narimani, Ebrahimzadeh, Kazemi et al., Association between vitamin D status and risk of covid-19 inhospital mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies, Inflamm Allergy Drug Targets, doi:10.2174/18715281113129990046
Frano, Strengthening the immune system and reducing inflammation and oxidative stress through diet and nutrition: considerations during the COVID-19 crisis, Nutrients, doi:10.3390/nu12061562
Guan, Liu, Yu, Nabavi, Javidarabshahi et al., Clinical features and disease severity in an Iranian population of inpatients with COVID-19, AJR Am J Roentgenol, doi:10.1038/s41598-021-87917-1
Hariyanto, Intan, Hananto, Harapan, Kurniawan et al., Vitamin E metabolic effects and genetic variants: a challenge for precision nutrition in obesity and associated disturbances, Rev Med Virol, doi:10.3390/nu10121919
Hu, Rimm, Smith-Warner, Feskanich, Stampfer et al., Major dietary patterns in relation to general obesity and central adiposity among Iranian women, Am J Clin Nutr, doi:10.1093/jn/138.2.358
Husson, Ley, Portal, Gottrand, Hueso et al., Modulation of host defence against bacterial and viral infections by omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, J Infect, doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2016.10.001
Iddir, Brito, Dingeo, Del Campo, Samouda, None
Kim, Rebholz, Hegde, Lafiura, Raghavan et al., Plant-based diets, pescatarian diets and COVID-19 severity: a population-based case-control study in six countries, BMJ Nutr Prev Health, doi:10.1136/bmjnph-2021-000272
Kooraki, Hosseiny, Myers, Gholamrezanezhad, Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak: what the department of radiology should know, J Am Coll Radiol, doi:10.1016/j.jacr.2020.02.008
Kunz, Minder, COVID-19 pandemic: palliative care for elderly and frail patients at home and in residential and nursing homes, Swiss Med Wkly, doi:10.4414/smw.2020.20235
Merino, Joshi, Nguyen, Leeming, Mazidi et al., Diet quality and risk and severity of COVID-19: a prospective cohort study, Gut, doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2021-325353
Meyerowitz-Katz, Merone, A systematic review and meta-analysis of published research data on COVID-19 infection fatality rates, Int J Infect Dis, doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.09.1464
Moludi, Qaisar, Alizadeh, Vayghan, Naemi et al., The relationship between dietary inflammatory index and disease severity and inflammatory status: a case-control study of COVID-19 patients, Br J Nutr, doi:10.1017/S0007114521003214
Moriconi, Masi, Rebelos, Virdis, Manca et al., Obesity prolongs the hospital stay in patients affected by COVID-19, and may impact on SARS-CoV-2 shedding, Obes Res Clin Pract, doi:10.3390/jcm7090258
Mustafa, Abdelmoneim, Mahmoud, Makhawi, Cytokine storm in COVID-19 patients, its impact on organs and potential treatment by QTY code-designed detergent-free chemokine receptors, Mediators Inflamm, doi:10.1155/2020/8198963
Rall, Meydani, Hemilä, Vitamin B6 and immune competence, H. Vitamin C and infections. Nutrients, doi:10.3390/nu9040339
Rezazadeh, Rashidkhani, Omidvar, Association of major dietary patterns with socioeconomic and lifestyle factors of adult women living in Tehran, Iran, doi:10.1016/j.nut.2009.06.019
Saghafi-Asl, Mirmajidi, Jafarabadi, Vahid, Shivappa et al., The association of dietary patterns with dietary inflammatory index, systemic inflammation, and insulin resistance, in apparently healthy individuals with obesity, Sci Rep, doi:10.1038/s41598-021-86993-7
Salazar-Robles, Kalantar-Zadeh, Badillo, Calderón-Juárez, García-Bárcenas et al., Association between severity of COVID-19 symptoms and habitual food intake in adult outpatients, BMJ Nutr Prev Health, doi:10.1136/bmjnph-2021-000348
Semba, The role of vitamin A and related retinoids in immune function
Shahavandi, Amini, Shahinfar, Shab-Bidar, Major dietary patterns and predicted cardiovascular disease risk in an Iranian adult population, Nutr Health, doi:10.1177/0260106020952591
Wang, Koh, Pang, Association between micronutrient deficiency and acute respiratory infections in healthy adults: a systematic review of observational studies, Nutr J, doi:10.1186/s12937-019-0507-6