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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality 29% Improvement Relative Risk Mortality, ≥65 45% Mortality, <65 -98% Mortality, period 2 41% Mortality, period 3 -4% Death/hospitalization 50% Hospitalization 57% Sotrovimab  Drysdale et al.  EARLY TREATMENT Is early treatment with sotrovimab beneficial for COVID-19? Retrospective 5,790 patients in the United Kingdom (Aug 2020 - Mar 2021) Lower death/hosp. (p=0.07) and hospitalization (p=0.051), not sig. Drysdale et al., medRxiv, July 2023 Favors sotrovimab Favors control

Comparative effectiveness of sotrovimab versus no treatment in non-hospitalised high-risk patients with COVID-19 in North West London: a retrospective cohort study using the Discover dataset

Drysdale et al., medRxiv, doi:10.1101/2023.07.26.23293188
Jul 2023  
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Retrospective 599 high-risk sotrovimab patients and 5,191 untreated controls, showing lower hospitalization/mortality with treatment, without statistical significance in the overall cohort. Efficacy was better for those ≥65, and efficacy was lower in later time periods.
Confounding by treatment propensity. This study analyzes a population where only a fraction of eligible patients received the treatment. Patients receiving treatment may be more likely to follow other recommendations, more likely to receive additional care, and more likely to receive additional treatments that are not tracked in the data (e.g., nasal/oral hygiene, (B), vitamin D (C), etc.) — either because the physician recommending sotrovimab also recommended them, or because the patient seeking out sotrovimab is more likely to be familiar with the efficacy of additional treatments. Therefore, these kind of studies may overestimate the efficacy of treatments.
Efficacy is variant dependent. In Vitro studies predict lower efficacy for BA.1 Liu, Sheward, VanBlargan and a lack of efficacy for BA.2 Zhou. US EUA has been revoked.
risk of death, 29.0% lower, HR 0.71, p = 0.65, treatment 599, control 5,191, propensity score weighting, Cox proportional hazards.
risk of death, 45.0% lower, HR 0.55, p = 0.55, ≥65 years old, propensity score weighting, Cox proportional hazards.
risk of death, 98.0% higher, HR 1.98, p = 0.55, <65 years old, propensity score weighting, Cox proportional hazards.
risk of death, 41.0% lower, HR 0.59, p = 0.62, period 2, propensity score weighting, Cox proportional hazards.
risk of death, 4.0% higher, HR 1.04, p = 0.97, period 3, propensity score weighting, Cox proportional hazards.
risk of death/hospitalization, 50.0% lower, HR 0.50, p = 0.07, treatment 599, control 5,191, propensity score weighting, Cox proportional hazards.
risk of hospitalization, 57.0% lower, HR 0.43, p = 0.05, treatment 599, control 5,191, propensity score weighting, Cox proportional hazards.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Drysdale et al., 27 Jul 2023, retrospective, United Kingdom, preprint, 14 authors, study period August 2020 - March 2021.
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Comparative effectiveness of sotrovimab versus no treatment in non-hospitalised high-risk patients with COVID-19 in North West London: a retrospective cohort study using the Discover dataset
Myriam Drysdale, Evgeniy R Galimov, Marcus J Yarwood, Vishal Patel, Bethany Levick, Daniel C Gibbons, Jonathan D Watkins, Sophie Young, Benjamin F Pierce, Emily J Lloyd, William Kerr, Helen J Birch, Tahereh Kamalati, Stephen J Brett
Introduction: There is uncertainty regarding how in vitro antibody neutralisation activity translates to the clinical efficacy of sotrovimab against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, although real-world evidence has demonstrated continued effectiveness during both BA.2 and BA.5 predominance. We previously reported descriptive results from the Discover dataset for patients treated with sotrovimab, nirmatrelvir/ritonavir or molnupiravir, or patients at highest risk per National Health Service (NHS) criteria but who were untreated. This study sought to assess the effectiveness of sotrovimab compared with no early coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatment in highest-risk patients with COVID-19. Methods: Retrospective cohort study using the Discover dataset in North West London. Patients had to be non-hospitalised at index, aged ≥12 years old and meet ≥1 of the NHS highest-risk criteria for receiving early COVID-19 treatment with sotrovimab. The primary objective was to assess the risk of COVID-19-related hospitalisation and/or COVID-19related death within 28 days of the observed/imputed treatment date between patients treated with sotrovimab and highest-risk patients who received no early COVID-19 treatment. We also performed subgroup analyses for patients aged <65 and ≥65 years, patients with renal dysfunction, and by Omicron subvariant prevalence period (BA.1/2
Authorship All named authors meet the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) criteria for authorship for this article, take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole and have given their approval for this version to be published.
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