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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Hospitalization 41% Improvement Relative Risk Exercise for COVID-19  Reis et al.  Prophylaxis Does physical activity reduce risk for COVID-19? Retrospective 546 patients in the USA (December 2020 - February 2021) Lower hospitalization with higher activity levels (not stat. sig., p=0.18) Reis et al., American J. Lifestyle Med.., Oct 2022 Favors exercise Favors inactivity

The Association between Lifestyle Risk Factors and COVID-19 Hospitalization in a Healthcare Institution

Reis et al., American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, doi:10.1177/15598276221135541
Oct 2022  
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Retrospective 546 COVID+ patients in the USA, showing lower risk of hospitalization with higher frequency of strength training, without statistical significance.
Although the 41% lower hospitalization is not statistically significant, it is consistent with the significant 35% lower hospitalization [27‑42%] from meta analysis of the 18 hospitalization results to date.
This study includes exercise and diet.
risk of hospitalization, 40.7% lower, RR 0.59, p = 0.18, high activity levels 9 of 241 (3.7%), low activity levels 29 of 305 (9.5%), adjusted per study, inverted to make RR<1 favor high activity levels, odds ratio converted to relative risk, strength training 2+/week vs. <2, multivariable.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Reis et al., 24 Oct 2022, retrospective, USA, peer-reviewed, survey, 6 authors, study period December 2020 - February 2021.
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The Association between Lifestyle Risk Factors and COVID-19 Hospitalization in a Healthcare Institution
Wenes Pereira Reis, MHS, DrPH Olivia Moses, MPH, DrPH Jisoo Oh, MPH, DrPH April Wilson, MPH, FACPM Josileide Gaio, Hildemar Dos Santos
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, doi:10.1177/15598276221135541
COVID-19 is an acute infectious respiratory disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a subtype of the coronavirus. In addition to normal levels of biometric measures, a healthy lifestyle has been considered an indispensable element in preventing complications of coronavirus infection. Demographic characteristics are also critical in determining risk levels. Aim: Investigate potential significant associations between health behaviors, biometric screenings, demographics, and COVID-19 hospitalization in Loma Linda University Health employees. Methods: Participants are employees covered under the employersponsored health plan at
ORCID iDs Wenes Pereira Reis  Jisoo Oh 
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