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Vandetanib for COVID-19

Vandetanib has been reported as potentially beneficial for treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Frasson et al., Identification of druggable host dependency factors shared by multiple SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern, Journal of Molecular Cell Biology, doi:10.1093/jmcb/mjae004
Abstract The high mutation rate of SARS-CoV-2 leads to the emergence of multiple variants, some of which are resistant to vaccines and drugs targeting viral elements. Targeting host dependency factors, e.g. cellular proteins required for viral replication, would help prevent resistance. However, it remains unclear whether different SARS-CoV-2 variants induce conserved cellular responses and exploit the same core host factors. To this end, we compared three variants of concern and found that the host transcriptional response was conserved, differing only in kinetics and magnitude. Through CRISPR screening, we identified host genes required for infection by each variant. Most of the genes were shared by multiple variants. We validated our hits with small molecules and repurposed Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs. All the drugs were highly active against all the variants tested, including new variants that emerged during the study (Delta and Omicron). Mechanistically, we identified reactive oxygen species production as a key step in early virus replication. Antioxidants such as N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) were effective against all the variants in both human lung cells and a humanised mouse model. Our study supports the use of available antioxidant drugs, such as NAC, as a general and effective anti-COVID-19 approach.
kumar et al., Drug Repurposing to Identify Therapeutics Against COVID 19 with SARS-Cov-2 Spike Glycoprotein and Main Protease as Targets: An in Silico Study, American Chemical Society (ACS), doi:10.26434/chemrxiv.12090408.v1
The total cases of novel corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) infections is more than one million and total deaths recorded is more than fifty thousand. The research for developing vaccines and drugs against SARS-CoV-2 is going on in different parts of the world. Aim of the present study was to identify potential drug candidates against SARS-CoV-2 from existing drugs using in silico molecular modeling and docking. The targets for the present study was the spike protein and the main protease of SARS-CoV-2. The study was able to identify some drugs that can either bind to the spike protein receptor binding domain or the main protease of SARS-CoV-2. These include some of the antiviral drugs. These drugs might have the potential to inhibit the infection and viral replication.
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Vaccines and treatments are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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