PRI-724 for COVID-19
PRI-724 has been reported as potentially beneficial for treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Machine learning on large scale perturbation screens for SARS-CoV-2 host factors identifies β-catenin/CBP inhibitor PRI-724 as a potent antiviral, Frontiers in Microbiology, doi:10.3389/fmicb.2023.1193320 ,
Expanding antiviral treatment options against SARS-CoV-2 remains crucial as the virus evolves under selection pressure which already led to the emergence of several drug resistant strains. Broad spectrum host-directed antivirals (HDA) are promising therapeutic options, however the robust identification of relevant host factors by CRISPR/Cas9 or RNA interference screens remains challenging due to low consistency in the resulting hits. To address this issue, we employed machine learning, based on experimental data from several knockout screens and a drug screen. We trained classifiers using genes essential for virus life cycle obtained from the knockout screens. The machines based their predictions on features describing cellular localization, protein domains, annotated gene sets from Gene Ontology, gene and protein sequences, and experimental data from proteomics, phospho-proteomics, protein interaction and transcriptomic profiles of SARS-CoV-2 infected cells. The models reached a remarkable performance suggesting patterns of intrinsic data consistency. The predicted HDF were enriched in sets of genes particularly encoding development, morphogenesis, and neural processes. Focusing on development and morphogenesis-associated gene sets, we found β-catenin to be central and selected PRI-724, a canonical β-catenin/CBP disruptor, as a potential HDA. PRI-724 limited infection with SARS-CoV-2 variants, SARS-CoV-1, MERS-CoV and IAV in different cell line models. We detected a concentration-dependent reduction in cytopathic effects, viral RNA replication, and infectious virus production in SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV-1-infected cells. Independent of virus infection, PRI-724 treatment caused cell cycle deregulation which substantiates its potential as a broad spectrum antiviral. Our proposed machine learning concept supports focusing and accelerating the discovery of host dependency factors and identification of potential host-directed antivirals.
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