Galidesivir for COVID-19
Galidesivir has been reported as potentially beneficial for treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Current understanding of nucleoside analogs inhibiting the SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal, doi:10.1016/j.csbj.2023.09.001 ,
A comprehensive review on the global efforts on vaccines and repurposed drugs for combating COVID-19, European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2023.115719 ,
COVID-19 signalome: Potential therapeutic interventions, Cellular Signalling, doi:10.1016/j.cellsig.2022.110559 ,
Different drug approaches to COVID-19 treatment worldwide: an update of new drugs and drugs repositioning to fight against the novel coronavirus, Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines and Immunotherapy, doi:10.1177/25151355221144845 ,
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in the second half of 2022, there are about 606 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 and almost 6,500,000 deaths around the world. A pandemic was declared by the WHO in March 2020 when the new coronavirus spread around the world. The short time between the first cases in Wuhan and the declaration of a pandemic initiated the search for ways to stop the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or to attempt to cure the disease COVID-19. More than ever, research groups are developing vaccines, drugs, and immunobiological compounds, and they are even trying to repurpose drugs in an increasing number of clinical trials. There are great expectations regarding the vaccine’s effectiveness for the prevention of COVID-19. However, producing sufficient doses of vaccines for the entire population and SARS-CoV-2 variants are challenges for pharmaceutical industries. On the contrary, efforts have been made to create different vaccines with different approaches so that they can be used by the entire population. Here, we summarize about 8162 clinical trials, showing a greater number of drug clinical trials in Europe and the United States and less clinical trials in low-income countries. Promising results about the use of new drugs and drug repositioning, monoclonal antibodies, convalescent plasma, and mesenchymal stem cells to control viral infection/replication or the hyper-inflammatory response to the new coronavirus bring hope to treat the disease.
Repurposing clinically available drugs and therapies for pathogenic targets to combat SARS‐CoV‐2, MedComm, doi:10.1002/mco2.254 ,
Therapeutic Targets in the Virological Mechanism and in the Hyperinflammatory Response of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), Applied Sciences, doi:10.3390/app13074471 ,
This work is a bibliographic review. The search for the necessary information was carried out in the months of November 2022 and January 2023. The databases used were as follows: Pubmed, Academic Google, Scielo, Scopus, and Cochrane library. Results: In total, 101 articles were selected after a review of 486 articles from databases and after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The update on the molecular mechanism of human coronavirus (HCoV) infection was reviewed, describing possible therapeutic targets in the viral response phase. There are different strategies to prevent or hinder the introduction of the viral particle, as well as the replicative mechanism ((protease inhibitors and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp)). The second phase of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) involves the activation of hyperinflammatory cascades of the host’s immune system. It is concluded that there are potential therapeutic targets and drugs under study in different proinflammatory pathways such as hydroxychloroquine, JAK inhibitors, interleukin 1 and 6 inhibitors, and interferons.
Potential RNA-dependent RNA polymerase inhibitors as prospective drug candidates for SARS-CoV-2, European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2023.115292 ,
In silico evaluation of potential inhibitory activity of remdesivir, favipiravir, ribavirin and galidesivir active forms on SARS-CoV-2 RNA polymerase, Molecular Diversity, doi:10.1007/s11030-021-10215-5 ,
In silico studies on therapeutic agents for COVID-19: Drug repurposing approach, Life Sciences, doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2020.117652 ,
An update on inhibitors targeting RNA-dependent RNA polymerase for COVID-19 treatment: Promises and challenges, Biochemical Pharmacology, doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2022.115279 ,
Potential inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2: recent advances, Journal of Drug Targeting, doi:10.1080/1061186X.2020.1853736 ,
A Review of In Silico Research, SARS-CoV-2, and Neurodegeneration: Focus on Papain-Like Protease, Neurotoxicity Research, doi:10.1007/s12640-022-00542-2 ,
Virtual Screening of Substances Used in the Treatment of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Analysis of Compounds With Known Action on Structurally Similar Proteins From Other Viruses, Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, doi:10.1016/j.biopha.2022.113432 ,
Potential Therapeutic Options for COVID-19: Current Status, Challenges, and Future Perspectives, Frontiers in Pharmacology, doi:10.3389/fphar.2020.572870 ,
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. Vaccines and treatments are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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