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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Critical case 72% Improvement Relative Risk Moderate to critical case 11% Critical case, age >65 74% Moderate to critical case.. 35% c19early.org/dt Hou et al. Diet for COVID-19 Prophylaxis Favors healthy diet Favors control
COVID-19 Illness Severity in the Elderly in Relation to Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian Diets: A Single-Center Experience
Hou et al., Frontiers in Nutrition, doi:10.3389/fnut.2022.837458
29 Apr 2022    Source   PDF   Share   Tweet
Retrospective 509 COVID-19 patients in Taiwan, showing higher risk of critical COVID-19 cases with non-vegetarian diets.
risk of critical case, 71.6% lower, RR 0.28, p = 0.23, higher quality diet 1 of 22 (4.5%), lower quality diet 78 of 487 (16.0%), NNT 8.7, excluded in exclusion analyses: unadjusted results with no group details.
risk of moderate to critical case, 10.8% lower, RR 0.89, p = 0.66, higher quality diet 11 of 22 (50.0%), lower quality diet 273 of 487 (56.1%), NNT 17, excluded in exclusion analyses: unadjusted results with no group details.
risk of critical case, 73.6% lower, RR 0.26, p = 0.005, higher quality diet 0 of 9 (0.0%), lower quality diet 47 of 127 (37.0%), NNT 2.7, adjusted per study, inverted to make RR<1 favor higher quality diet, odds ratio converted to relative risk, multivariable, age >65.
risk of moderate to critical case, 34.7% lower, RR 0.65, p = 0.04, higher quality diet 5 of 9 (55.6%), lower quality diet 108 of 127 (85.0%), NNT 3.4, age >65, excluded in exclusion analyses: unadjusted results with no group details.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Hou et al., 29 Apr 2022, retrospective, Taiwan, peer-reviewed, survey, 3 authors, study period May 2021 - August 2021.
Contact: chaoycmd@yahoo.com.tw, williamsu2007@gmail.com.
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