Nutritional and lifestyle changes required for minimizing the recovery period in home quarantined COVID-19 patients of Punjab, Pakistan
Rabail et al.
, Nutritional and lifestyle changes required for minimizing the recovery period in home quarantined COVID-19..
, Food Science & Nutrition, doi:10.1002/fsn3.2458
Survey of 80 recovered COVID-19 patients in Pakistan, showing faster recovery with vitamin C, vitamin D, and zinc supplementation.
Rabail et al., 9 Jul 2021, Pakistan, peer-reviewed, survey, 11 authors, study period November 2020 - February 2021.
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Abstract: Received: 7 June 2021
Revised: 21 June 2021
Accepted: 23 June 2021
Nutritional and lifestyle changes required for minimizing the
recovery period in home quarantined COVID-19 patients of
| Javeria Saleem2 | Zunera Tanveer3,4 | Simon G. Patching5 |
Abdur Rauf Khalid6 | Muhammad Tauseef Sultan7 | Muhammad Faisal Manzoor8
| Muhammad Inam-Ur-Raheem1 | Muhammad Asim Shabbir1 |
Rana Muhammad Aadil1
National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Department of Public Health, Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (IMBB), University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Department of Physiology, Bolan University of Medical and Health Sciences (BUMHS), Quetta, Pakistan
School of Biomedical Sciences and Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Department of Livestock and Poultry Production, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China
Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan
Emad Karrar, Department of Food
Engineering and Technology, Faculty of
Engineering and Technology, University
Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan.
Muhammad Inam-Ur-Raheem, Muhammad
Asim Shabbir and Rana Muhammad Aadil,
National Institute of Food Science and
Technology, University of Agriculture,
Emails: email@example.com (MIUR); firstname.lastname@example.org (MAS); dilrana89@gmail.
The COVID-19 pandemic has introduced a new battle in human history for a safe
and fearless life. Therefore, this cross-sectional survey was conducted (Punjab,
Pakistan) on healthy recovered, home quarantined COVID-19 patients to draw
conclusive health support guidelines in the fight against this pandemic. COVID-19
recovered patients (n = 80) of age ≥14 years were randomly selected during the period November 2020 to February 2021. A nutrition and lifestyle changes questionnaire, containing ten sections and seventy questions, was completed through the
telephone/WhatsApp. Data were transferred into an Excel spreadsheet and statistically analyzed by applying chi-square, correlation, and a t test of independent values
using SPSS-16 software. The patients had an age range of 14 to 80 years, of which
52 (65%) were male and 28 (35%) were female, and 32 (40%) had a normal BMI. The
patients had a peak COVID-19 recovery period of 2 weeks, and a mean recovery period of 2.8 ± 1.4 weeks. Certain variables, including gender (males), age (>40 years),
sleep (≤5 hr), less/no physical activity, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and autoimmune
diseases, were significantly associated with delayed recovery. Poor nutritional outcomes, including lower intakes of water, legumes, nuts, meat, and milk/yogurt; and
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© 2021 The Authors. Food Science & Nutrition..
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