Pre-pandemic physical activity as a predictor of infection and mortality associated with COVID-: Evidence from the National Health Insurance Service
Introduction: During the coronavirus disease (COVID-) pandemic, many populations have experienced reduced physical activity (PA) levels, weight gain, and increased anxiety and depression. However, according to a previous study, engaging in PA has a positive e ect on damages caused by COVID-. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association between PA and COVID-using the National Health Insurance Sharing Service Database in South Korea. Methods: Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association of PA with COVID-and mortality. The analysis was adjusted for body mass index, sex, age, insurance type, comorbidity, and region of residence at baseline. Disability and lifestyle (weight, smoking, and drinking status) were adjusted consecutively.
Results: The results indicated that engaging in insu cient PA as per the WHO guidelines predicts a higher risk of COVID-when controlling for personal characteristics, comorbidity, lifestyle, disability, and mortality. Discussion: This study revealed the need to engage in PA and manage weight to reduce the risk of infection and mortality associated with COVID-. Because engaging in PA is an important component of weight management and can help restore physical and mental health after the COVID-pandemic, it should be emphasized as a pillar of recovery after COVID-.
Author contributions Conceptualization and analysis: I-HO and S-YP. Writing: SP and HK. All authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version.
Conflict of interest The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
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