(-)-anisomelic acid for COVID-19
(-)-anisomelic acid has been reported as potentially beneficial for treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Identification and Semisynthesis of (−)-Anisomelic Acid as Oral Agent against SARS-CoV-2 in Mice, National Science Review, doi:10.1093/nsr/nwac176 ,
Abstract (−)-Anisomelic acid (AA), isolated from Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze (Labiatae) leaves, is a macrocyclic cembranolide with a trans-fused α-methylene-γ-lactone motif. AA effectively inhibits SARS-CoV-2 replication and viral-induced cytopathic effect (CPE) with an EC50 of 1.1 and 4.3 μM, respectively. Challenge studies of SARS-CoV-2-infected K18-hACE2 mice showed that oral administration of AA and subcutaneous dosing of remdesivir can both reduce the viral titers in the lung tissue at the same level. To facilitate drug discovery, we used a semisynthetic approach to shorten the project timelines. The enantioselective semisynthesis of AA from the naturally enriched and commercially available starting material (+)-costunolide was achieved in five steps with a 27% overall yield. The developed chemistry provides opportunities for developing AA-based novel ligands for selectively targeting proteins involved in viral infections.
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