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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Recovery, dyspnea 89% Improvement Relative Risk Recovery, anosmia 95% Recovery, fatigue 94% Recovery, myalgia -388% Recovery, headache -194% Recovery, cough 9% Kumar et al. CTRI/2021/06/034254 Aspirin RCT EARLY Is early treatment with aspirin+combined treatments beneficial for COVID-19? RCT 192 patients in India (December 2021 - February 2022) Improved recovery with aspirin+combined treatments (not stat. sig., p=0.053) Kumar et al., Cureus, doi:10.7759/cureus.25467 Favors aspirin Favors control
Efficacy and Safety of Aspirin, Promethazine, and Micronutrients for Rapid Clinical Recovery in Mild to Moderate COVID-19 Patients: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Kumar et al., Efficacy and Safety of Aspirin, Promethazine, and Micronutrients for Rapid Clinical Recovery in Mild to.., Cureus, doi:10.7759/cureus.25467, CTRI/2021/06/034254
May 2022   Source   PDF  
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RCT 260 patients in India, 130 treated with aspirin, promethazine, vitamin C, D, B3, zinc, and selenium, showing faster recovery with treatment. There was no hospitalization, ICU admission, or supplemental oxygen requirements in either group.
This study includes aspirin, vitamin C, zinc, and vitamin D.
risk of no recovery, 89.2% lower, RR 0.11, p = 0.05, treatment 0 of 99 (0.0%), control 4 of 93 (4.3%), NNT 23, relative risk is not 0 because of continuity correction due to zero events (with reciprocal of the contrasting arm), day 10, dyspnea.
risk of no recovery, 95.4% lower, RR 0.05, p < 0.001, treatment 0 of 99 (0.0%), control 10 of 93 (10.8%), NNT 9.3, relative risk is not 0 because of continuity correction due to zero events (with reciprocal of the contrasting arm), day 10, anosmia.
risk of no recovery, 94.3% lower, RR 0.06, p = 0.003, treatment 0 of 99 (0.0%), control 8 of 93 (8.6%), NNT 12, relative risk is not 0 because of continuity correction due to zero events (with reciprocal of the contrasting arm), day 10, fatigue.
risk of no recovery, 387.9% higher, RR 4.88, p = 0.50, treatment 2 of 99 (2.0%), control 0 of 93 (0.0%), continuity correction due to zero event (with reciprocal of the contrasting arm), day 10, myalgia.
risk of no recovery, 193.9% higher, RR 2.94, p = 1.00, treatment 1 of 99 (1.0%), control 0 of 93 (0.0%), continuity correction due to zero event (with reciprocal of the contrasting arm), day 10, headache.
risk of no recovery, 8.5% lower, RR 0.91, p = 0.66, treatment 37 of 99 (37.4%), control 38 of 93 (40.9%), NNT 29, day 10, cough.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Kumar et al., 30 May 2022, Randomized Controlled Trial, India, peer-reviewed, mean age 36.0, 8 authors, study period December 2021 - February 2022, this trial uses multiple treatments in the treatment arm (combined with promethazine, vitamin C, D, B3, zinc, and selenium) - results of individual treatments may vary, trial CTRI/2021/06/034254.
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This PaperAspirinAll
Efficacy and Safety of Aspirin, Promethazine, and Micronutrients for Rapid Clinical Recovery in Mild to Moderate COVID-19 Patients: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Dr. G Sunil Kumar, Dr. Atul Vadgaonkar, Dr. Srilata Purunaik, Rohit Shelatkar, Vidyadhar G Vaidya, Dr. Gayatri Ganu, Dr. Aditya Vadgaonkar, Shashank Joshi
Cureus, doi:10.7759/cureus.25467
Introduction In the present study, the combination of two tablets, one with Aspirin and Promethazine and the other with vitamin D3, C, and B3 along with zinc and selenium supplementation was proposed as an intervention (APMV2020). The ingredients in the formulation represent a precise, tailored therapy for the symptoms of COVID-19, combined with natural constituents to help the body itself build immunity to recover from infection. The present study was conducted to clinically validate the safety and efficacy of the APMV2020 tablets. Trial design The present trial is a randomized, multicentric, controlled clinical trial involving 260 mild to moderate COVID-19 patients. The treatment duration was of 10 days. Methodology The subjects were randomized to receive either the control intervention (clinical management protocol for COVID-19 advocated by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) or the test intervention (treatment with APMV2020 tablets along with the standard control treatment. The assessment days were baseline, days five and 10. Results APMV2020 significantly (<0.05) improved symptoms of COVID-19 like cough, myalgia, headache, and anosmia as compared to the control group. APMV2020 treatment also reduced inflammatory markers like lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), ferritin, and C-reactive protein (CRP). Conclusion APMV2020 can prove as a good candidate to be integrated into the COVID-19 management protocol. As it can offer speedy clinical recovery to reduce the burden on healthcare infrastructure, second, the combination shows significant anti-inflammatory potential to improve prognosis, and lastly, the immunomodulatory properties offer long-term protection that can help in combating long COVID symptoms and complications.
Additional Information Disclosures Human subjects: Consent was obtained or waived by all participants in this study. Royal Pune Independent Ethics Committee, Pune, Maharashtra. issued approval CTRI/2021/06/034254. The study was approved by the Institutional ethics committee, Lokmanya Medical Research Centre, and Royal Pune Independent Ethics Committee and was registered with the Clinical Trial Registry of India (CTRI/2021/06/034254). Animal subjects: All authors have confirmed that this study did not involve animal subjects or tissue. Conflicts of
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