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All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   
0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality, day 90 12% Improvement Relative Risk Mortality, day 30 14% Acetaminophen  Baldia et al.  ICU PATIENTS Is very late treatment with acetaminophen beneficial for COVID-19? Prospective study of 2,646 patients in multiple countries Lower mortality with acetaminophen (not stat. sig., p=0.2) c19early.org Baldia et al., BMC Geriatrics, December 2022 Favors acetaminophen Favors control

The association of prior paracetamol intake with outcome of very old intensive care patients with COVID-19: results from an international prospective multicentre trial

Baldia et al., BMC Geriatrics, doi:10.1186/s12877-022-03709-w, NCT04321265
Dec 2022  
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1st treatment shown to increase risk in November 2020
 
*, now known with p = 0.00000029 from 28 studies, but still recommended in 46 countries.
* From meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,100+ studies for 60+ treatments. c19early.org
Prospective study of 2,646 ICU patients ≥70 years old, showing no significant difference in mortality with acetaminophen use in the 10 days prior to ICU admission.
Acetaminophen is also known as paracetamol, Tylenol, Panadol, Calpol, Tempra, Calprofen, Doliprane, Efferalgan, Grippostad C, Dolo, Acamol, Fevadol, Crocin, and Perfalgan.
risk of death, 12.0% lower, OR 0.88, p = 0.20, treatment 1,166, control 1,480, adjusted per study, multivariable, day 90, RR approximated with OR.
risk of death, 14.0% lower, OR 0.86, p = 0.20, treatment 1,166, control 1,480, adjusted per study, multivariable, day 30, RR approximated with OR.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Baldia et al., 27 Dec 2022, prospective, multiple countries, peer-reviewed, median age 75.0, 26 authors, trial NCT04321265 (history). Contact: christian.jung@med.uni-duesseldorf.de (corresponding author).
This PaperAcetaminophenAll
The association of prior paracetamol intake with outcome of very old intensive care patients with COVID-19: results from an international prospective multicentre trial
Philipp Heinrich Baldia, Bernhard Wernly, Hans Flaatten, Jesper Fjølner, Antonio Artigas, Bernardo Bollen Pinto, Joerg C Schefold, Malte Kelm, Michael Beil, Raphael Romano Bruno, Stephan Binnebößel, Georg Wolff, Ralf Erkens, Sviri Sigal, Peter Vernon Van Heerden, Wojciech Szczeklik, Muhammed Elhadi, Michael Joannidis, Sandra Oeyen, Brian Marsh, Finn H Andersen, Rui Moreno, Susannah Leaver, Dylan W De Lange, Bertrand Guidet, Christian Jung, Philipp Eller, Michael Joannidis, Dieter Mesotten, Pascal Reper, Walter Swinnen, Nicolas Serck, Elisabeth Dewaele, Helene Brix, Jens Brushoej, Pritpal Kumar, Helene Korvenius Nedergaard, Ida Riise Balleby, Camilla Bundesen, Maria Aagaard Hansen, Stine Uhrenholt, Helle Bundgaard, Richard Innes, James Gooch, Lenka Cagova, Elizabeth Potter, Michael Reay, Miriam Davey, Mohammed Abdelshafy Abusayed, Sally Humphreys, Arnaud Galbois, Cyril Charron, Caroline Hauw Berlemont, Guillaume Besch, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Julien Maizel, Michel Djibré, Philippe Burtin, Pierre Garcon, Saad Nseir, Xavier Valette, Nica Alexandru, Nathalie Marin, Marie Vaissiere, Gaëtan Plantefeve, Thierry Vanderlinden, Igor Jurcisin, Buno Megarbane, Benjamin Glenn Chousterman, François Dépret, Marc Garnier, Sebastien Besset, Johanna Oziel, Alexis Ferre, Stéphane Dauger, Guillaume Dumas, Bruno Goncalves, Lucie Vettoretti, Didier Thevenin, Stefan Schaller, Stefan Schaller, Muhammed Kurt, Andreas Faltlhauser, Stefan Schaller, Milena Milovanovic, Matthias Lutz, Gonxhe Shala, Hendrik Haake, Winfried Randerath, Anselm Kunstein, Patrick Meybohm, Stefan Schaller, Stephan Steiner, Eberhard Barth, Tudor Poerner, Philipp Simon, Marco Lorenz, Zouhir Dindane, Karl Friedrich Kuhn, Martin Welte, Ingo Voigt, Hans-Joachim Kabitz, Jakob Wollborn, Ulrich Goebel, Sandra Emily Stoll, Detlef Kindgen-Milles, Simon Dubler, Christian Jung, Kristina Fuest, Michael Schuster, Antonios Papadogoulas, Francesk Mulita, Nikoletta Rovina, Zoi Aidoni, Evangelia Chrisanthopoulou, Eumorfia Kondili, Ioannis Andrianopoulos, Martijn Groenendijk, Mirjam Evers, Mirjam Evers, Lenneke Van Lelyveld-Haas, Iwan Meynaar, Alexander Daniel Cornet, Marieke Zegers, Willem Dieperink, Dylan W De Lange, Tom Dormans, Michael Hahn, Britt Sjøbøe, Hans Frank Strietzel, Theresa Olasveengen, Luis Romundstad, Anna Kluzik, Paweł Zatorski, Tomasz Drygalski, Jakub Klimkiewicz, Joanna Solek-Pastuszka, Dariusz Onichimowski, Miroslaw Czuczwar, Ryszard Gawda, Jan Stefaniak, Karina Stefanska-Wronka, Ewa Zabul, Ana Isabel Pinho Oliveira, Rui Assis, Maria De Lurdes Campos Santos, Henrique Santos, Filipe Sousa Cardoso, André Gordinho, Mjosé Arche Banzo, Begoña Zalba-Etayo, Patricia Jimeno Cubero, Jesús Priego, Gemma Gomà, Teresa Maria Tomasa-Irriguible, Susana Sancho, Aida Fernández Ferreira, Eric Mayor Vázquez, Ángela Prado Mira, Mercedes Ibarz, David Iglesias, Susana Arias-Rivera, Fernando Frutos-Vivar, Sonia Lopez-Cuenca, Cesar Aldecoa, David Perez-Torres, Isabel Canas-Perez, Luis Tamayo-Lomas, Cristina Diaz-Rodriguez, Pablo Ruiz De Gopegui, Nawfel Ben-Hamouda, Andrea Roberti, Yvan Fleury, Nour Abidi, Alexander Dullenkopf, Richard Pugh, Sara Smuts
BMC Geriatrics, doi:10.1186/s12877-022-03709-w
Background: In the early COVID-19 pandemic concerns about the correct choice of analgesics in patients with COVID-19 were raised. Little data was available on potential usefulness or harmfulness of prescription free analgesics, such as paracetamol. This international multicentre study addresses that lack of evidence regarding the usefulness or potential harm of paracetamol intake prior to ICU admission in a setting of COVID-19 disease within a large, prospectively enrolled cohort of critically ill and frail intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Methods: This prospective international observation study (The COVIP study) recruited ICU patients ≥ 70 years admitted with COVID-19. Data on Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, prior paracetamol intake within 10 days before admission, ICU therapy, limitations of care and survival during the ICU stay, at 30 days, and 3 months. Paracetamol intake was analysed for associations with ICU-, 30-day-and 3-month-mortality using Kaplan Meier analysis. Furthermore, sensitivity analyses were used to stratify 30-day-mortality in subgroups for patient-specific characteristics using logistic regression. Results: 44% of the 2,646 patients with data recorded regarding paracetamol intake within 10 days prior to ICU admission took paracetamol. There was no difference in age between patients with and without paracetamol intake. Patients taking paracetamol suffered from more co-morbidities, namely diabetes mellitus (43% versus 34%, p < 0.001), arterial hypertension (70% versus 65%, p = 0.006) and had a higher score on Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS; IQR 2-5 versus IQR 2-4, p < 0.001). Patients under prior paracetamol treatment were less often subjected to intubation and vasopressor use, compared to patients without paracetamol intake (65 versus 71%, p < 0.001; 63 versus 69%, p = 0.007). Paracetamol intake was not associated with ICU-, 30-day-and 3-month-mortality, remaining true after multivariate adjusted analysis.
Elisabeth-Krankenhaus Essen Essen Declarations Ethics approval and consent to participate The primary competent ethics committee was the Ethics Committee of the University of Duesseldorf, Germany (application number 2020-892). Each participating center received a copy of the study protocol. Institutional research ethic board approval was obtained from each study site and was mandatory for study participation. Due to the observational nature of the study, participation in this study did not impact medical procedures, which were all executed in accordance with the relevant medical guidelines and regulations. No additional examinations, e.g., sampling and storage of biomaterials, such as blood or CT-scans and X-rays, were performed. The study was planned in adherence to the European Union General Data Privacy Regulation (GDPR) directive, which is implemented in most participating countries. Deceased patients were included within strict consideration of local requirements set up by the local ethics committees. However, in a few countries, recruitment was possible without informed consent in accordance with the respective local ethics committee (see above). Consent for publication The manuscript does not contain any individual person's data in any form. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. JCS reports Publisher's Note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional..
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{ 'DOI': '10.1186/s12877-022-03709-w', 'ISSN': ['1471-2318'], 'URL': 'http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03709-w', 'abstract': '<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:sec>\n' ' <jats:title>Background</jats:title>\n' ' <jats:p>In the early COVID-19 pandemic concerns about the correct choice of ' 'analgesics in patients with COVID-19 were raised. Little data was available on potential ' 'usefulness or harmfulness of prescription free analgesics, such as paracetamol. This ' 'international multicentre study addresses that lack of evidence regarding the usefulness or ' 'potential harm of paracetamol intake prior to ICU admission in a setting of COVID-19 disease ' 'within a large, prospectively enrolled cohort of critically ill and frail intensive care unit ' '(ICU) patients.</jats:p>\n' ' </jats:sec><jats:sec>\n' ' <jats:title>Methods</jats:title>\n' ' <jats:p>This prospective international observation study (The COVIP study) ' 'recruited ICU patients\u2009≥\u200970\xa0years admitted with COVID-19. Data on Sequential ' 'Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, prior paracetamol intake within 10\xa0days before ' 'admission, ICU therapy, limitations of care and survival during the ICU stay, at 30\xa0days, ' 'and 3\xa0months. Paracetamol intake was analysed for associations with ICU-, 30-day- and ' '3-month-mortality using Kaplan Meier analysis. Furthermore, sensitivity analyses were used to ' 'stratify 30-day-mortality in subgroups for patient-specific characteristics using logistic ' 'regression.</jats:p>\n' ' </jats:sec><jats:sec>\n' ' <jats:title>Results</jats:title>\n' ' <jats:p>44% of the 2,646 patients with data recorded regarding paracetamol ' 'intake within 10\xa0days prior to ICU admission took paracetamol. There was no difference in ' 'age between patients with and without paracetamol intake. Patients taking paracetamol ' 'suffered from more co-morbidities, namely diabetes mellitus (43% versus 34%, ' '<jats:italic>p</jats:italic>\u2009&lt;\u20090.001), arterial hypertension (70% versus 65%, ' '<jats:italic>p</jats:italic>\u2009=\u20090.006) and had a higher score on Clinical Frailty ' 'Scale (CFS; IQR 2–5 versus IQR 2–4, <jats:italic>p</jats:italic>\u2009&lt;\u20090.001). ' 'Patients under prior paracetamol treatment were less often subjected to intubation and ' 'vasopressor use, compared to patients without paracetamol intake (65 versus 71%, ' '<jats:italic>p</jats:italic>\u2009&lt;\u20090.001; 63 versus 69%, ' '<jats:italic>p</jats:italic>\u2009=\u20090.007). Paracetamol intake was not associated with ' 'ICU-, 30-day- and 3-month-mortality, remaining true after multivariate adjusted ' 'analysis.</jats:p>\n' ' </jats:sec><jats:sec>\n' ' <jats:title>Conclusion</jats:title>\n' ' <jats:p>Paracetamol intake prior to ICU admission was not associated with ' 'short-term and 3-month mortality in old, critically ill intensive care patients suffering ' 'from COVID-19.</jats:p>\n' ' <jats:p>Trial registration.</jats:p>\n' ' <jats:p>This prospective international multicentre study was registered on ' 'ClinicalTrials.gov with the identifier “NCT04321265” on March 25, 2020.\n' '</jats:p>\n' ' </jats:sec>', 'alternative-id': ['3709'], 'article-number': '1000', 'assertion': [ { 'group': {'label': 'Article History', 'name': 'ArticleHistory'}, 'label': 'Received', 'name': 'received', 'order': 1, 'value': '14 January 2022'}, { 'group': {'label': 'Article History', 'name': 'ArticleHistory'}, 'label': 'Accepted', 'name': 'accepted', 'order': 2, 'value': '19 December 2022'}, { 'group': {'label': 'Article History', 'name': 'ArticleHistory'}, 'label': 'First Online', 'name': 'first_online', 'order': 3, 'value': '27 December 2022'}, {'group': {'label': 'Declarations', 'name': 'EthicsHeading'}, 'name': 'Ethics', 'order': 1}, { 'group': {'label': 'Ethics approval and consent to participate', 'name': 'EthicsHeading'}, 'name': 'Ethics', 'order': 2, 'value': 'The primary competent ethics committee was the Ethics Committee of the ' 'University of Duesseldorf, Germany (application number 2020–892). Each ' 'participating center received a copy of the study protocol. Institutional ' 'research ethic board approval was obtained from each study site and was ' 'mandatory for study participation.Due to the observational nature of the study, ' 'participation in this study did not impact medical procedures, which were all ' 'executed in accordance with the relevant medical guidelines and regulations. No ' 'additional examinations, e.g., sampling and storage of biomaterials, such as ' 'blood or CT-scans and X-rays, were performed.The study was planned in adherence ' 'to the European Union General Data Privacy Regulation (GDPR) directive, which ' 'is implemented in most participating countries. Deceased patients were included ' 'within strict consideration of local requirements set up by the local ethics ' 'committees. However, in a few countries, recruitment was possible without ' 'informed consent in accordance with the respective local ethics committee (see ' 'above).'}, { 'group': {'label': 'Consent for publication', 'name': 'EthicsHeading'}, 'name': 'Ethics', 'order': 3, 'value': 'The manuscript does not contain any individual person’s data in any form.'}, { 'group': {'label': 'Competing interests', 'name': 'EthicsHeading'}, 'name': 'Ethics', 'order': 4, 'value': 'The authors declare that they have no competing interests. JCS reports grants ' '(full departmental disclosure) from Orion Pharma, Abbott Nutrition ' 'International, B. Braun Medical AG, CSEM AG, Edwards Lifesciences Services ' 'GmbH, Kenta Biotech Ltd, Maquet Critical Care AB, Omnicare Clinical Research ' 'AG, Nestle, Pierre Fabre Pharma AG, Pfizer, Bard Medica S.A., Abbott AG, ' 'Anandic Medical Systems, Pan Gas AG Healthcare, Bracco, Hamilton Medical AG, ' 'Fresenius Kabi, Getinge Group Maquet AG, Dräger AG, Teleflex Medical GmbH, ' 'Glaxo Smith Kline, Merck Sharp and Dohme AG, Eli Lilly and Company, Baxter, ' 'Astellas, Astra Zeneca, CSL Behring, Novartis, Covidien, Philips Medical, ' 'Phagenesis Ltd, Prolong Pharmaceuticals and Nycomed outside the submitted work. ' 'The money went into departmental funds. No personal financial gain applied.'}], 'author': [ {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Baldia', 'given': 'Philipp Heinrich', 'sequence': 'first'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Wernly', 'given': 'Bernhard', 'sequence': 'additional'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Flaatten', 'given': 'Hans', 'sequence': 'additional'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Fjølner', 'given': 'Jesper', 'sequence': 'additional'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Artigas', 'given': 'Antonio', 'sequence': 'additional'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Pinto', 'given': 'Bernardo Bollen', 'sequence': 'additional'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Schefold', 'given': 'Joerg C.', 'sequence': 'additional'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Kelm', 'given': 'Malte', 'sequence': 'additional'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Beil', 'given': 'Michael', 'sequence': 'additional'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Bruno', 'given': 'Raphael Romano', 'sequence': 'additional'}, {'affiliation': [], 'family': 'Binnebößel', 'given': 'Stephan', 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J Clin ' 'Med. 2019;8(6):786.', 'volume': '8', 'year': '2019'}, { 'DOI': '10.1073/pnas.162468699', 'author': 'NV Chandrasekharan', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'first-page': '13926', 'issue': '21', 'journal-title': 'Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A', 'key': '3709_CR24', 'unstructured': 'Chandrasekharan NV, Dai H, Roos KL, Evanson NK, Tomsik J, Elton TS, ' 'Simmons DL. COX-3, a cyclooxygenase-1 variant inhibited by acetaminophen ' 'and other analgesic/antipyretic drugs: cloning, structure, and ' 'expression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99(21):13926–31.', 'volume': '99', 'year': '2002'}, { 'DOI': '10.1093/bjaceaccp/mkt049', 'author': 'CV Sharma', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'first-page': '153', 'issue': '4', 'journal-title': 'Continuing Education in Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain', 'key': '3709_CR25', 'unstructured': 'Sharma CV, Mehta V. Paracetamol: mechanisms and updates. Contin Educ ' 'Anaesth Crit Care Pain. 2014;14(4):153–8.', 'volume': '14', 'year': '2014'}, { 'DOI': '10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040990', 'author': 'P von Philipsborn', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'issue': '11', 'journal-title': 'BMJ Open', 'key': '3709_CR26', 'unstructured': 'von Philipsborn P, Biallas R, Burns J, Drees S, Geffert K, Movsisyan A, ' 'Pfadenhauer LM, Sell K, Strahwald B, Stratil JM, et al. Adverse effects ' 'of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in patients with viral ' 'respiratory infections: rapid systematic review. BMJ Open. 2020;10(11): ' 'e040990.', 'volume': '10', 'year': '2020'}, { 'DOI': '10.1038/s41415-020-1784-3', 'author': 'AJ Crighton', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'first-page': '15', 'issue': '1', 'journal-title': 'Br Dent J', 'key': '3709_CR27', 'unstructured': 'Crighton AJ, McCann CT, Todd EJ, Brown AJ. Safe use of paracetamol and ' 'high-dose NSAID analgesia in dentistry during the COVID-19 pandemic. Br ' 'Dent J. 2020;229(1):15–8.', 'volume': '229', 'year': '2020'}, { 'DOI': '10.1111/jgh.12560', 'author': 'JP Dwyer', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'first-page': '1356', 'issue': '7', 'journal-title': 'J Gastroenterol Hepatol', 'key': '3709_CR28', 'unstructured': 'Dwyer JP, Jayasekera C, Nicoll A. Analgesia for the cirrhotic patient: a ' 'literature review and recommendations. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. ' '2014;29(7):1356–60.', 'volume': '29', 'year': '2014'}, { 'DOI': '10.1038/s41598-021-84539-5', 'author': 'J Park', 'doi-asserted-by': 'publisher', 'first-page': '5087', 'issue': '1', 'journal-title': 'Sci Rep', 'key': '3709_CR29', 'unstructured': 'Park J, Lee SH, You SC, Kim J, Yang K. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ' 'agent use may not be associated with mortality of coronavirus disease ' '19. 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Late treatment
is less effective
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Treatments and other interventions are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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