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All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   
0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Death/intubation -0% Improvement Relative Risk Vitamin D for COVID-19  Walk et al.  Sufficiency Are vitamin D levels associated with COVID-19 outcomes? Retrospective 133 patients in Netherlands No significant difference in death/intubation Walk et al., medRxiv, November 2020 Favors vitamin D Favors control

Vitamin D - contrary to vitamin K - does not associate with clinical outcome in hospitalized COVID-19 patients

Walk et al., medRxiv, doi:10.1101/2020.11.07.20227512
Nov 2020  
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Vitamin D for COVID-19
8th treatment shown to reduce risk in October 2020
*, now known with p < 0.00000000001 from 120 studies, recognized in 8 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,100+ studies for 60+ treatments.
Small retrospective study of 135 patients not finding a significant difference in vitamin D status. Patients with good outcomes had a median of 45.0 nmol/L versus 37.7 nmol/L for bad outcomes, p = 0.85. Authors found that vitamin D sufficient persons had accelerated elastic fiber degradation, they hypothesize pro-calcification effects during COVID-19 and that vitamin K might compensate for this.
This is the 26th of 196 COVID-19 sufficiency studies for vitamin D, which collectively show higher levels reduce risk with p<0.0000000001 (1 in 11,637 vigintillion).
Study covers vitamin K and vitamin D.
risk of death/intubation, 0.4% higher, RR 1.00, p = 1.00, high D levels 48 of 110 (43.6%), low D levels 10 of 23 (43.5%), >25nmol/L.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Walk et al., 9 Nov 2020, retrospective, Netherlands, preprint, 5 authors.
This PaperVitamin DAll
Vitamin D – contrary to vitamin K – does not associate with clinical outcome in hospitalized COVID-19 patients
Jona Walk, Anton S M Dofferhoff, Jody M W Van Den Ouweland, Henny Van Daal, Dr Rob Janssen
SARS-CoV-2 causes remarkably variable disease from asymptomatic individuals to respiratory insufficiency and coagulopathy. Vitamin K deficiency was recently found to associate with clinical outcome in a cohort of COVID-19 patients. Vitamin D has been hypothesized to reduce disease susceptibility by modulating inflammation, yet little is known about its role in disease severity. Considering the critical interaction between vitamin K and vitamin D in calcium and elastic fiber metabolism, we determined vitamin D status in the same cohort of 135 hospitalized COVID-19 patients by measuring blood 25(OH)D levels. We found no difference in vitamin D status between those with good and poor outcome (defined as intubation and/or death). Instead, we found vitamin D sufficient persons (25(OH)D >50 nmol/L) had accelerated elastic fiber degradation compared to those with mild deficiency (25(OH)D 25-50 nmol/L). Based on these findings, we hypothesize that vitamin D might have both favorable anti-inflammatory and unfavorable pro-calcification effects during COVID-19 and that vitamin K might compensate for the latter.
Basalyga, Elastin degradation and calcification in an abdominal aorta injury model: role of matrix metalloproteinases, Circulation
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