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Rupintrivir for COVID-19

Rupintrivir has been reported as potentially beneficial for treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Liu et al., Computational Evaluation of the COVID-19 3c-like Protease Inhibition Mechanism, and Drug Repurposing Screening, American Chemical Society (ACS), doi:10.26434/chemrxiv.12090426.v1
The rapid spread of the COVID-19 outbreak is now a global threat with over a million diagnosed cases and more than 70 thousand deaths. Specific treatments and effective drugs regarding such disease are in urgent need. To contribute to the drug discovery against COVID-19, we performed computational study to understand the inhibition mechanism of the COVID-19 3c-like protease, and search for possible drug candidates from approved or experimental drugs through drug repurposing screening against the DrugBank database. Two novel computational methods were applied in this study. We applied the “Consecutive Histogram Monte Carlo” (CHMC) sampling method for understanding the inhibition mechanism from studying the 2-D binding free energy landscape. We also applied the “Movable Type” (MT) free energy method for the lead compound screening by evaluating the binding free energies of the COVID-19 3c-like protease – inhibitor complexes. Lead compounds from the DrugBank database were first filtered using ligand similarity comparison to 19 published SARS 3c-like protease inhibitors. 70 selected compounds were then evaluated for protein-ligand binding affinities using the MT free energy method. 4 drug candidates with strong binding affinities and reasonable protein-ligand binding modes were selected from this study, i.e. Enalkiren (DB03395), Rupintrivir (DB05102), Saralasin (DB06763) and TRV-120027 (DB12199).
Khalifa et al., After the Hurricane: Anti-COVID-19 Drugs Development, Molecular Mechanisms of Action and Future Perspectives, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, doi:10.3390/ijms25020739
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a new coronavirus in the Coronaviridae family. The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by SARS-CoV-2, has undoubtedly been the largest crisis of the twenty-first century, resulting in over 6.8 million deaths and 686 million confirmed cases, creating a global public health issue. Hundreds of notable articles have been published since the onset of this pandemic to justify the cause of viral spread, viable preventive measures, and future therapeutic approaches. As a result, this review was developed to provide a summary of the current anti-COVID-19 drugs, as well as their timeline, molecular mode of action, and efficacy. It also sheds light on potential future treatment options. Several medications, notably hydroxychloroquine and lopinavir/ritonavir, were initially claimed to be effective in the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 but eventually demonstrated inadequate activity, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) withdrew hydroxychloroquine. Clinical trials and investigations, on the other hand, have demonstrated the efficacy of remdesivir, convalescent plasma, and monoclonal antibodies, 6-Thioguanine, hepatitis C protease inhibitors, and molnupiravir. Other therapeutics, including inhaled medicines, flavonoids, and aptamers, could pave the way for the creation of novel anti-COVID-19 therapies. As future pandemics are unavoidable, this article urges immediate action and extensive research efforts to develop potent specialized anti-COVID-19 medications.
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Vaccines and treatments are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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