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Lenzilumab for COVID-19

Lenzilumab has been reported as potentially beneficial for treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Kilcoyne et al., Clinical and economic benefits of lenzilumab plus standard of care compared with standard of care alone for the treatment of hospitalized patients with Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) from the perspective of National Health Service England, medRxiv, doi:10.1101/2022.02.11.22270859
AbstractPurposeEstimate the clinical and economic benefits of lenzilumab plus standard of care (SOC) compared with SOC alone in the treatment of hospitalized COVID-19 patients from the National Health Service (NHS) England perspective.MethodsA cost calculator was developed to estimate the clinical benefits and costs of adding lenzilumab to SOC in newly hospitalized COVID-19 patients over 28 days. The LIVE-AIR trial results informed the clinical inputs: failure to achieve survival without ventilation (SWOV), mortality, time to recovery, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) use. Base case costs included drug acquisition and administration for lenzilumab and remdesivir and hospital resource costs based on level of care required. Clinical and economic benefits per weekly cohort of newly hospitalized patients were also estimated.ResultsIn all populations examined, specified clinical outcomes were improved with lenzilumab plus SOC over SOC treatment alone. In a base case population aged <85 years with C-reactive protein (CRP) <150 mg/L, with or without remdesivir, adding lenzilumab to SOC was estimated to result in per-patient cost savings of £1,162. In a weekly cohort of 4,754 newly hospitalized patients, addition of lenzilumab to SOC could result in 599 IMV uses avoided, 352 additional lives saved, and over £5.5 million in cost savings. Scenario results for per-patient cost savings included: 1) aged <85 years, CRP <150 mg/L, and receiving remdesivir (£3,127); 2) Black patients with CRP <150 mg/L (£9,977); and 3) Black patients from the full population (£2,369). Conversely, in the full mITT population, results estimated additional cost of £4,005 per patient.ConclusionFindings support clinical benefits for SWOV, mortality, time to recovery, time in ICU, time on IMV, and ventilator use, and an economic benefit from the NHS England perspective when adding lenzilumab to SOC for hospitalized COVID-19 patients.
Zhang et al., Priority index for critical Covid-19 identifies clinically actionable targets and drugs, Communications Biology, doi:10.1038/s42003-024-05897-0
AbstractWhile genome-wide studies have identified genomic loci in hosts associated with life-threatening Covid-19 (critical Covid-19), the challenge of resolving these loci hinders further identification of clinically actionable targets and drugs. Building upon our previous success, we here present a priority index solution designed to address this challenge, generating the target and drug resource that consists of two indexes: the target index and the drug index. The primary purpose of the target index is to identify clinically actionable targets by prioritising genes associated with Covid-19. We illustrate the validity of the target index by demonstrating its ability to identify pre-existing Covid-19 phase-III drug targets, with the majority of these targets being found at the leading prioritisation (leading targets). These leading targets have their evolutionary origins in Amniota (‘four-leg vertebrates’) and are predominantly involved in cytokine-cytokine receptor interactions and JAK-STAT signaling. The drug index highlights opportunities for repurposing clinically approved JAK-STAT inhibitors, either individually or in combination. This proposed strategic focus on the JAK-STAT pathway is supported by the active pursuit of therapeutic agents targeting this pathway in ongoing phase-II/III clinical trials for Covid-19.
Vlasova-St. Louis et al., COVID-19-Omics Report: From Individual Omics Approaches to Precision Medicine, Reports, doi:10.3390/reports6040045
During the COVID-19 pandemic, it became apparent that precision medicine relies heavily on biological multi-omics discoveries. High throughput omics technologies, such as host genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, epigenomics, metabolomics/lipidomics, and microbiomics, have become an integral part of precision diagnostics. The large number of data generated by omics technologies allows for the identification of vulnerable demographic populations that are susceptible to poor disease outcomes. Additionally, these data help to pinpoint the omics-based biomarkers that are currently driving advancements in precision and preventive medicine, such as early diagnosis and disease prognosis, individualized treatments, and vaccination. This report summarizes COVID-19-omic studies, highlights the results of completed and ongoing omics investigations in individuals who have experienced severe disease outcomes, and examines the impact that repurposed/novel antiviral drugs, targeted immunotherapeutics, and vaccines have had on individual and public health.
Wang et al., Identification of targets for drug repurposing to treat COVID-19 using a Deep Learning Neural Network, medRxiv, doi:10.1101/2023.05.23.23290403
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a global public health crisis requiring immediate acute therapeutic solutions. To address this challenge, we developed a useful tool deep learning model using the graph-embedding convolution network (GECN) algorithm. Our approach identified COVID-19-related genes and potential druggable targets, including tyrosine kinase ABL1/2, pro-inflammatory cytokine CSF2, and pro-fibrotic cytokines IL-4 and IL-13. These target genes are implicated in critical processes related to COVID-19 pathogenesis, including endosomal membrane fusion, cytokine storm, and tissue fibrosis. Our analysis revealed that ABL kinase inhibitors, lenzilumab (anti-CSF2), and dupilumab (anti-IL4Rα) represent promising therapeutic solutions that can effectively block virus-host membrane fusion or attenuate hyperinflammation in COVID-19 patients. Compared to the traditional drug screening process, our GECN algorithm enables rapid analysis of disease-related human protein interaction networks and prediction of candidate drug targets from a large-scale knowledge graph in a cost-effective and efficient manner. Overall, Overall, our results suggest that the model has the potential to facilitate drug repurposing and aid in the fight against COVID-19.
Oliver et al., Different drug approaches to COVID-19 treatment worldwide: an update of new drugs and drugs repositioning to fight against the novel coronavirus, Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines and Immunotherapy, doi:10.1177/25151355221144845
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in the second half of 2022, there are about 606 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 and almost 6,500,000 deaths around the world. A pandemic was declared by the WHO in March 2020 when the new coronavirus spread around the world. The short time between the first cases in Wuhan and the declaration of a pandemic initiated the search for ways to stop the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or to attempt to cure the disease COVID-19. More than ever, research groups are developing vaccines, drugs, and immunobiological compounds, and they are even trying to repurpose drugs in an increasing number of clinical trials. There are great expectations regarding the vaccine’s effectiveness for the prevention of COVID-19. However, producing sufficient doses of vaccines for the entire population and SARS-CoV-2 variants are challenges for pharmaceutical industries. On the contrary, efforts have been made to create different vaccines with different approaches so that they can be used by the entire population. Here, we summarize about 8162 clinical trials, showing a greater number of drug clinical trials in Europe and the United States and less clinical trials in low-income countries. Promising results about the use of new drugs and drug repositioning, monoclonal antibodies, convalescent plasma, and mesenchymal stem cells to control viral infection/replication or the hyper-inflammatory response to the new coronavirus bring hope to treat the disease.
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Treatments and other interventions are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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