Canavalia brasiliensis for COVID-19
Canavalia brasiliensis has been reported as potentially beneficial for treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Mannose-Binding Lectins as Potent Antivirals against SARS-CoV-2, Viruses, doi:10.3390/v15091886 ,
The SARS-CoV-2 entry into host cells is mainly mediated by the interactions between the viral spike protein (S) and the ACE-2 cell receptor, which are highly glycosylated. Therefore, carbohydrate binding agents may represent potential candidates to abrogate virus infection. Here, we evaluated the in vitro anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity of two mannose-binding lectins isolated from the Brazilian plants Canavalia brasiliensis and Dioclea violacea (ConBR and DVL). These lectins inhibited SARS-CoV-2 Wuhan-Hu-1 strain and variants Gamma and Omicron infections, with selectivity indexes (SI) of 7, 1.7, and 6.5, respectively for ConBR; and 25, 16.8, and 22.3, for DVL. ConBR and DVL inhibited over 95% of the early stages of the viral infection, with strong virucidal effect, and also protected cells from infection and presented post-entry inhibition. The presence of mannose resulted in the complete lack of anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity by ConBR and DVL, recovering virus titers. ATR-FTIR, molecular docking, and dynamic simulation between SARS-CoV-2 S and either lectins indicated molecular interactions with predicted binding energies of −85.4 and −72.0 Kcal/Mol, respectively. Our findings show that ConBR and DVL lectins possess strong activities against SARS-CoV-2, potentially by interacting with glycans and blocking virus entry into cells, representing potential candidates for the development of novel antiviral drugs.
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