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Brilacidin for COVID-19

Brilacidin has been reported as potentially beneficial for treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Cavasotto et al., In silico Drug Repurposing for COVID‐19: Targeting SARS‐CoV‐2 Proteins through Docking and Consensus Ranking, Molecular Informatics, doi:10.1002/minf.202000115
AbstractIn December 2019, an infectious disease caused by the coronavirus SARS‐CoV‐2 appeared in Wuhan, China. This disease (COVID‐19) spread rapidly worldwide, and on March 2020 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). Today, over 21 million people have been infected, with more than 750.000 casualties. Today, no vaccine or antiviral drug is available. While the development of a vaccine might take at least a year, and for a novel drug, even longer; finding a new use to an old drug (drug repurposing) could be the most effective strategy. We present a docking‐based screening using a quantum mechanical scoring of a library built from approved drugs and compounds undergoing clinical trials, against three SARS‐CoV‐2 target proteins: the spike or S‐protein, and two proteases, the main protease and the papain‐like protease. The S‐protein binds directly to the Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 receptor of the human host cell surface, while the two proteases process viral polyproteins. Following the analysis of our structure‐based compound screening, we propose several structurally diverse compounds (either FDA‐approved or in clinical trials) that could display antiviral activity against SARS‐CoV‐2. Clearly, these compounds should be further evaluated in experimental assays and clinical trials to confirm their actual activity against the disease. We hope that these findings may contribute to the rational drug design against COVID‐19.
Liu et al., DRAVP: A Comprehensive Database of Antiviral Peptides and Proteins, Viruses, doi:10.3390/v15040820
Viruses with rapid replication and easy mutation can become resistant to antiviral drug treatment. With novel viral infections emerging, such as the recent COVID-19 pandemic, novel antiviral therapies are urgently needed. Antiviral proteins, such as interferon, have been used for treating chronic hepatitis C infections for decades. Natural-origin antimicrobial peptides, such as defensins, have also been identified as possessing antiviral activities, including direct antiviral effects and the ability to induce indirect immune responses to viruses. To promote the development of antiviral drugs, we constructed a data repository of antiviral peptides and proteins (DRAVP). The database provides general information, antiviral activity, structure information, physicochemical information, and literature information for peptides and proteins. Because most of the proteins and peptides lack experimentally determined structures, AlphaFold was used to predict each antiviral peptide’s structure. A free website for users (, accessed on 30 August 2022) was constructed to facilitate data retrieval and sequence analysis. Additionally, all the data can be accessed from the web interface. The DRAVP database aims to be a useful resource for developing antiviral drugs.
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Vaccines and treatments are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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