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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Recovery time 66% Improvement Relative Risk Dyspnea after hospitaliz.. 67% Exercise for COVID-19  Kontopoulou et al.  Prophylaxis Does physical activity reduce risk for COVID-19? Retrospective 66 patients in Greece (November - December 2020) Faster recovery with higher activity levels (p<0.000001) Kontopoulou et al., J. Personalized Me.., Apr 2022 Favors exercise Favors inactivity

Exercise Preferences and Benefits in Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19

Kontopoulou et al., Journal of Personalized Medicine, doi:10.3390/jpm12040645
Apr 2022  
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Exercise for COVID-19
9th treatment shown to reduce risk in October 2020
*, now known with p < 0.00000000001 from 66 studies.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
3,800+ studies for 60+ treatments.
Retrospective 66 hospitalized COVID-19 patients in Greece, showing significantly improved recovery with a history of exercise in unadjusted results. Exercise after hospitalization was also associated with lower levels of dyspnea one month post hospitalization.
This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: unadjusted results with no group details.
recovery time, 66.2% lower, relative time 0.34, p < 0.001, high activity levels mean 22.0 (±14.0) n=42, low activity levels mean 65.0 (±32.0) n=24.
relative dyspnea after hospitalization, 66.7% better, RR 0.33, p < 0.001, high activity levels mean 1.0 (±1.0) n=42, low activity levels mean 3.0 (±1.0) n=24, inverted to make RR<1 favor high activity levels.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Kontopoulou et al., 17 Apr 2022, retrospective, Greece, peer-reviewed, survey, 4 authors, study period November 2020 - December 2020. Contact: (corresponding author),,,
This PaperExerciseAll
Exercise Preferences and Benefits in Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19
Sevasti Kontopoulou, Zoe Daniil, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis, Ourania S Kotsiou
Journal of Personalized Medicine, doi:10.3390/jpm12040645
Background: Obese people are at risk of becoming severely ill due to SARS-CoV-2. The exercise benefits on health have been emphasized. Aim: To investigate the correlation of obesity with the length of hospitalization, the pre-and post-hospitalization exercise preferences of COVID-19 patients, and the impact of pre-admission or post-hospitalization physical activity on dyspnea one month after hospitalization and recovery time. Methods: A telephone survey was conducted in patients hospitalized at the
Informed Consent Statement: Informed consent was obtained from all subjects involved in the study. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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