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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality 90% Improvement Relative Risk Ventilation 90% Kaur et al. Vitamin D for COVID-19 Sufficiency Are vitamin D levels associated with COVID-19 outcomes? Prospective study of 81 patients in India Lower mortality (p<0.0001) and ventilation (p<0.0001) Kaur et al., Indian J. Clinical Practice, 32:6 Favors vitamin D Favors control
Correlation of Vitamin D Levels with COVID-19 Severity and Outcome
Kaur et al., Indian Journal of Clinical Practice, 32:6
Kaur et al., Correlation of Vitamin D Levels with COVID-19 Severity and Outcome, Indian Journal of Clinical Practice, 32:6
Nov 2021   Source   PDF  
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Prospective study of 81 hospitalized COVID+ patients in India, showing low vitamin D levels associated with COVID-19 severity and mortality. This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: unadjusted results with no group details.
risk of death, 89.8% lower, RR 0.10, p < 0.001, high D levels (≥10ng/mL) 5 of 64 (7.8%), low D levels (<10ng/mL) 13 of 17 (76.5%), NNT 1.5.
risk of mechanical ventilation, 90.3% lower, RR 0.10, p < 0.001, high D levels (≥10ng/mL) 4 of 64 (6.2%), low D levels (<10ng/mL) 11 of 17 (64.7%), NNT 1.7.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Kaur et al., 30 Nov 2021, prospective, India, peer-reviewed, 5 authors.
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Abstract: Clinical Study Correlation of Vitamin D Levels with COVID-19 Severity and Outcome GURDEEP KAUR*, GAURAV SHARMA†, JAINENDRA SHARMA†, SHWETA BIYANI‡, RANJNA VEERWAL† Abstract Background and aims: Low vitamin D levels have been associated with an increase in inflammatory cytokines and a significantly increased risk of pneumonia and viral upper respiratory tract infections. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increase in thrombotic episodes, which are frequently observed in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These conditions are reported to carry a higher mortality in COVID-19. So, we conducted a study to prove the correlation of vitamin D levels with COVID-19 infection and severity. Material and methods: The present study was conducted at RNT Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan. This study was done over a period of 2 months after getting approval from Institutional Ethics Committee. Written and informed consent was obtained from patients. In this study, 81 patients admitted in COVID wards and ICU, with COVID reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) positive reports were included. Results: Out of a total 81 patients, 37 (45.7%) were in the 41-60 years age group, 29 (35.8%) were more than 60 years of age and 15 (18.5%) were less than 40 years of age. Seventeen patients had severe vitamin D deficiency, 27 patients had moderate vitamin D deficiency, 20 patients had mild vitamin D deficiency and 17 patients had normal vitamin D level. Out of 17 patients who had severe vitamin D deficiency, 11 (64.7%) patients required invasive mechanical ventilation and out of these 17 patients, 13 (76.47%) patients died. Out of 17 patients who had normal level of vitamin D, 16 (94.1%) maintained SpO2 at room air and only 1 patient required invasive mechanical ventilation. As the level of vitamin D increased from severely low to normal level, requirement of high oxygen support decreased and SpO2 at room air increased. Mean of vitamin D among the patients who died was 10.4963 while mean of vitamin D level among patients who survived and were discharged was 27.2362. All 17 patients who had normal level of vitamin D were discharged from the hospital. Mean of serum ferritin and mean of interleukin (IL)-6 was high in patients who died and low in patients who were discharged. Conclusions: Vitamin D level plays an important role in COVID-19 disease. Vitamin D have significant role in protection from severe form of disease. Keywords: COVID-19, vitamin D, T regulatory lymphocytes, acute respiratory distress syndrome, IL-6, serum ferritin T he severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is influenced by several factors, including the evidence of pneumonia, severe acute respiratory distress, myocarditis, microvascular thrombosis and/or cytokine storm. All these conditions have underlying inflammation. A major defense against inflammation, and viral infection in general, is the T regulatory lymphocytes (Tregs). It has been reported that Treg levels can be low in COVID-19 patients and can be *Professor, Dept. of Medicine †Senior Resident, Dept. of General Medicine ‡Associate Professor, Dept. of Biochemistry RNT Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan Address for correspondence Dr Gaurav Sharma Senior Resident Dept. of General Medicine RNT Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan E-mail: 18 Indian Journal of Clinical Practice, Vol. 32, No. 6, November 2021 increased with vitamin D supplementation.1 Treg levels can be..
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