Vitamin D Serum Levels in Subjects Tested for SARS-CoV-2: What Are the Differences among Acute, Healed, and Negative COVID-19 Patients? A Multicenter Real-Practice Study
Gallelli et al.
, Vitamin D Serum Levels in Subjects Tested for SARS-CoV-2: What Are the Differences among Acute, Healed, and..
, Nutrients, doi:10.3390/nu13113932
Analysis of 117 patients in Italy, showing COVID-19 patients had significantly lower vitamin D levels than control patients.
Gallelli et al., 3 Nov 2021, prospective, Italy, peer-reviewed, 17 authors.
Vitamin D Serum Levels in Subjects Tested for SARS-CoV-2:
What Are the Differences among Acute, Healed, and Negative
COVID-19 Patients? A Multicenter Real-Practice Study
Luca Gallelli 1,‡ , Gaia Chiara Mannino 2,‡ , Filippo Luciani 3 , Alessandro de Sire 4, * , Elettra Mancuso 2 ,
Pietro Gangemi 5 , Lucio Cosco 6 , Giuseppe Monea 2 , Carolina Averta 2 , Pasquale Minchella 7 , Manuela Colosimo 7 ,
Lucia Muraca 8 , Federico Longhini 9 , Antonio Ammendolia 4 , Francesco Andreozzi 2, * ,
Giovambattista De Sarro 1 , G&P Working Group † and Erika Cione 10
Citation: Gallelli, L.; Mannino, G.C.;
Luciani, F.; de Sire, A.; Mancuso, E.;
Gangemi, P.; Cosco, L.; Monea, G.;
Averta, C.; Minchella, P.; et al.
Vitamin D Serum Levels in Subjects
Tested for SARS-CoV-2: What Are the
Differences among Acute, Healed,
and Negative COVID-19 Patients?
A Multicenter Real-Practice Study.
Nutrients 2021, 13, 3932. https://
Academic Editors: Igor Sergeev and
Department of Health Science, School of Medicine, University of Catanzaro,
Operative Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Mater Domini University Hospital, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy;
firstname.lastname@example.org (L.G.); email@example.com (G.D.S.)
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy;
firstname.lastname@example.org (G.C.M.); email@example.com (E.M.); firstname.lastname@example.org (G.M.);
Infectious Diseases Unit of Annunziata Hospital, 87100 Cosenza, Italy; email@example.com
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences,
University of Catanzaro “Magna Graecia”, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy; firstname.lastname@example.org
Operative Unit of Clinical Chemistry Laboratory, Pugliese Ciaccio Hospital, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy;
Department of Infectious Disease, Pugliese Ciaccio Hospital, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy;
Department of Microbiology and Virology, Pugliese Ciaccio Hospital, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy;
email@example.com (P.M.); firstname.lastname@example.org (M.C.)
Department of General Medicine, ASP 7, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy; email@example.com
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Pugliese Ciaccio Hospital, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy;
Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Excellence 2018–2022,
University of Calabria, 87036 Cosenza, Italy; firstname.lastname@example.org
Correspondence: email@example.com (A.d.S.); firstname.lastname@example.org (F.A.);
Tel.: +39-0961-7128-19 (A.d.S.); +39-0961-36471-20 (F.A.)
A complete list of the centers and investigators in the G&P Working Group is provided in Appendix A.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Maria Luz Fernandez
Received: 7 October 2021
Accepted: 1 November 2021
Published: 3 November 2021
Publisher’s Note: MDPI stays neutral
with regard to jurisdictional claims in
published maps and institutional affiliations.
Copyright: © 2021 by the authors.
Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article
distributed under the terms and
conditions of the Creative Commons
Attribution (CC BY) license (https://
Abstract: Vitamin D might play a role in counteracting COVID-19, albeit strong evidence is still
lacking in the literature. The present multicenter real-practice study aimed to evaluate the..
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. Vaccines and
treatments are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should
be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention
is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not
provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified
physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and
benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC
provide treatment protocols.