Conv. Plasma
Nigella Sativa
Nitric Oxide
Peg.. Lambda

Home   COVID-19 treatment studies for Diet  COVID-19 treatment studies for Diet  C19 studies: Diet  Diet   Select treatmentSelect treatmentTreatmentsTreatments
Alkalinization Meta Lactoferrin Meta
Melatonin Meta
Bromhexine Meta Metformin Meta
Budesonide Meta Molnupiravir Meta
Cannabidiol Meta
Colchicine Meta Nigella Sativa Meta
Conv. Plasma Meta Nitazoxanide Meta
Curcumin Meta Nitric Oxide Meta
Ensovibep Meta Paxlovid Meta
Famotidine Meta Peg.. Lambda Meta
Favipiravir Meta Povidone-Iod.. Meta
Fluvoxamine Meta Quercetin Meta
Hydroxychlor.. Meta Remdesivir Meta
Iota-carragee.. Meta
Ivermectin Meta Zinc Meta

Other Treatments Global Adoption
All Studies   Meta Analysis   Recent:  
Inverse Association Between the Mediterranean Diet and COVID-19 Risk in Lebanon: A Case-Control Study
El Khoury et al., Frontiers in Nutrition, doi:10.3389/fnut.2021.707359
El Khoury et al., Inverse Association Between the Mediterranean Diet and COVID-19 Risk in Lebanon: A Case-Control Study, Frontiers in Nutrition, doi:10.3389/fnut.2021.707359
Jul 2021   Source   PDF  
  All Studies   Meta
Retrospective 399 people in Lebanon, showing a significant inverse association between the MedDiet score, corresponding to the level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet, and the risk of COVID-19.
El Khoury et al., 30 Jul 2021, retrospective, Lebanon, peer-reviewed, 2 authors.
All Studies   Meta Analysis   Submit Updates or Corrections
This PaperDietAll
Abstract: ORIGINAL RESEARCH published: 30 July 2021 doi: 10.3389/fnut.2021.707359 Inverse Association Between the Mediterranean Diet and COVID-19 Risk in Lebanon: A Case-Control Study Christine N. El Khoury and Sofi G. Julien* Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Jounieh, Lebanon Edited by: Simonetta Friso, University of Verona, Italy Reviewed by: Martha Guevara-Cruz, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán (INCMNSZ), Mexico Cristina Torres Fuentes, University of Rovira i Virgili, Spain *Correspondence: Sofi G. Julien Specialty section: This article was submitted to Clinical Nutrition, a section of the journal Frontiers in Nutrition Received: 09 May 2021 Accepted: 30 June 2021 Published: 30 July 2021 Citation: El Khoury CN and Julien SG (2021) Inverse Association Between the Mediterranean Diet and COVID-19 Risk in Lebanon: A Case-Control Study. Front. Nutr. 8:707359. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2021.707359 Frontiers in Nutrition | Background: Since 2019, the world is confronting the COVID-19 public health crisis that deeply impacted all aspects of life, from the health sector to economy. Despite the advancement of research targeting pandemic containment measures, more strategies are still needed to alleviate the burden caused by this novel disease. In particular, optimal nutrition was proposed as a possible mitigating factor in the context of COVID-19. Indeed, the light is shed on balanced diets, such as the Mediterranean diet, which present the finest nutritional quality to support the immune system and other physiologic functions. In contrast, less varied diets that lack the needed nutrients and favor inflammation have been correlated with adverse health effects, including a hindered immune response, such as the western diet. Methods: This observational case control study aimed at exploring the possible associations between the different dietary patterns present among a sample of the Lebanese population and the COVID-19 occurrence and outcomes. An online survey collected information about the sociodemographic characteristics, health status, lifestyle, and dietary habits through the Mediterranean diet questionnaire and a semi-quantitative fod frequency questionnaire, and the COVID-19 infection and its burden. The sample consisted of 399 respondents divided into the case and control groups (37.6 and 62.4%, respectively) on the basis of the presence or absence of a COVID-19 infection history. Results: The participants in the case and control groups had average adherence to the Mediterranean diet and their dietary intake was closer to the western diet. However, the cases had a lower mean of the MedDiet score (p = 0.009). Food groups consumption analysis showed that this significant difference within the overall similar dietary patterns was due to a higher consumption of poultry and a trend toward decreased consumption of olive oil and increased read meat and alcohol intake among the cases. Additionally, gender influenced the levels of different foods’ consumption. Nonetheless, the dietary intake did not impact the COVID-19 burden. Conclusion: It is recommended to adopt healthy food choices within the different dietary patterns for a better protection against COVID-19. These findings should be validated in larger-scale studies. Keywords: COVID-19, Mediterranean diet, Lebanon, immunity, dietary patterns, nutrition,..
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. Vaccines and treatments are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
  or use drag and drop