Analgesics..
Antiandrogens..
Bromhexine
Budesonide
Cannabidiol
Colchicine
Conv. Plasma
Curcumin
Ensovibep
Famotidine
Favipiravir
Fluvoxamine
Hydroxychlor..
Iota-carragee..
Ivermectin
Lactoferrin
Lifestyle..
Melatonin
Metformin
Molnupiravir
Monoclonals..
Nigella Sativa
Nitazoxanide
Nitric Oxide
Paxlovid
Peg.. Lambda
Povidone-Iod..
Quercetin
Remdesivir
Vitamins..
Zinc

Other
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Home   COVID-19 treatment studies  COVID-19 treatment studies  COVID-19 studies   Select treatmentSelect treatmentTreatmentsTreatments
Melatonin Meta
Bromhexine Meta Metformin Meta
Budesonide Meta Molnupiravir Meta
Cannabidiol Meta
Colchicine Meta Nigella Sativa Meta
Conv. Plasma Meta Nitazoxanide Meta
Curcumin Meta Nitric Oxide Meta
Ensovibep Meta Paxlovid Meta
Famotidine Meta Peg.. Lambda Meta
Favipiravir Meta Povidone-Iod.. Meta
Fluvoxamine Meta Quercetin Meta
Hydroxychlor.. Meta Remdesivir Meta
Iota-carragee.. Meta
Ivermectin Meta Zinc Meta
Lactoferrin Meta

Other Treatments Global Adoption
COVID-19 treatment cost effectiveness
Cost per life saved from NNT in
studies to date
c19early.org Dec 2022
Melatonin   $8 9
48%
Vitamin D   $11 59
37%
Vitamin C   $12 33
27%
Ivermectin   $22 48
51%
Colchicine   $26 33
37%
HCQ   $29 228
22%
Zinc   $30 18
28%
Vitamin A   $30 6
42%
Curcumin   $40 7
63%
Aspirin   $45 53
12%
Famotidine   $105 18
17%
Quercetin   $116 4
59%
Probiotics   $145 7
61%
Metformin   $161 42
32%
Antiandrogens   $175 31
40%
Fluvoxamine   $240 5
37%
Nigella Sativa   $279 4
73%
Nitazoxanide   $680 6
42%
Budesonide   $887 7
30%
Favipiravir   $1,015 29
13%
Paxlovid   $69,222 9
64%
Molnupiravir   $88,734 11
28%
Casirivimab/i..   $181,694 8
40%
Remdesivir   $208,615 40
16%
Bamlaniv../e..   $301,549 10
56%
Tixagev../c..   $412,873 4
41%
Sotrovimab   $442,638 7
68%
Conv. Plasma N/A 19
-10%
Acetaminophen N/A 11
-32%
Treatment cost times the median NNT (number needed to treat) from studies reporting mortality results with calculable NNT. Costs are shown in $US and based on estimated costs for widespread distribution by governments. Results reflect conditions as used in trials to date, these depend on the population treated, treatment delay, and treatment regimen. For example, vitamin C results are dominated by very late treatment studies with high control mortality. Click the treatment name to see all studies, where the name of each study can be clicked on for the source paper. No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols typically combine multiple treatments which may be complementary and synergistic. Treatment efficacy may vary by variant, especially for monoclonal antibodies. Only medications with ≥3 results are shown. Cost per life saved may increase for variants having lower virulence. All treatments have potential side effects. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. Key: Benefit  Benefit without statistical significance  Harm  Number of studies
Estimated benefit
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Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. Vaccines and treatments are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment, vaccine, or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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