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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality -18% Improvement Relative Risk Case -27% Acetaminophen  Chandan et al.  Prophylaxis Is prophylaxis with acetaminophen + combined treatments beneficial for COVID-19? PSM retrospective 17,190 patients in the United Kingdom (Jan - Jul 2020) Study compares with NSAIDs, results vs. placebo may differ Higher mortality (p=0.35) and more cases (p=0.17), not sig. c19early.org Chandan et al., Arthritis & Rheumatology, Apr 2021 Favors acetaminophen Favors NSAIDs

Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs and Susceptibility to COVID-19

Chandan et al., Arthritis & Rheumatology, doi:10.1002/art.41593
Apr 2021  
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1st treatment shown to increase risk in November 2020
 
*, now known with p = 0.00000029 from 28 studies, but still recommended in 46 countries.
* From meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,100+ studies for 60+ treatments. c19early.org
Retrospective 12,457 patients prescribed paracetamol with codeine/dihydrocodeine and 13,202 prescribed NSAIDs, showing no significant differences in cases and mortality. Patients prescribed codeine/dihydrocodeine may have different susceptibility to COVID-19.
Paracetamol is also known as acetaminophen, Tylenol, Panadol, Calpol, Tempra, Calprofen, Doliprane, Efferalgan, Grippostad C, Dolo, Acamol, Fevadol, Crocin, and Perfalgan.
risk of death, 17.6% higher, HR 1.18, p = 0.35, treatment 71 of 8,595 (0.8%), control 79 of 8,595 (0.9%), adjusted per study, inverted to make HR<1 favor treatment, propensity score matching, multivariable.
risk of case, 26.6% higher, HR 1.27, p = 0.17, treatment 8,595, control 8,595, adjusted per study, inverted to make HR<1 favor treatment, propensity score matching, multivariable.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Chandan et al., 29 Apr 2021, retrospective, United Kingdom, peer-reviewed, mean age 65.4, 24 authors, study period 30 January, 2020 - 31 July, 2020, this trial compares with another treatment - results may be better when compared to placebo, this trial uses multiple treatments in the treatment arm (combined with codeine or dihydrocodeine) - results of individual treatments may vary. Contact: k.nirantharan@bham.ac.uk, k.raza@bham.ac.uk.
This PaperAcetaminophenAll
Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs and Susceptibility to COVID‐19
Joht Singh Chandan, Dawit Tefra Zemedikun, PhD Rasiah Thayakaran, Nathan Byne, Samir Dhalla, Dionisio Acosta‐mena, MSc Krishna M Gokhale, Tom Thomas, MD Christopher Sainsbury, MSc Anuradhaa Subramanian, MBBCh Jennifer Cooper, Astha Anand, Kelvin O Okoth, Jingya Wang, Nicola J Adderley, Thomas Taverner, Alastair K Denniston, Janet Lord, G Neil Thomas, DPhil Christopher D Buckley, PhD Karim Raza, Neeraj Bhala, MD, IOEM Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar, Shamil Haroon
Arthritis & Rheumatology, doi:10.1002/art.41593
Objective. To identify whether active use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increases susceptibility to developing suspected or confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) compared to the use of other common analgesics. Methods. We performed a propensity score-matched cohort study with active comparators, using a large UK primary care data set. The cohort consisted of adult patients age ≥18 years with osteoarthritis (OA) who were followed up from January 30 to July 31, 2020. Patients prescribed an NSAID (excluding topical preparations) were compared to those prescribed either co-codamol (paracetamol and codeine) or co-dydramol (paracetamol and dihydrocodeine). A total of 13,202 patients prescribed NSAIDs were identified, compared to 12,457 patients prescribed the comparator drugs. The primary outcome measure was the documentation of suspected or confirmed COVID-19, and the secondary outcome measure was all-cause mortality. Results. During follow-up, the incidence rates of suspected/confirmed COVID-19 were 15.4 and 19.9 per 1,000 person-years in the NSAID-exposed group and comparator group, respectively. Adjusted hazard ratios for suspected or confirmed COVID-19 among the unmatched and propensity score-matched OA cohorts, using data from clinical consultations in primary care settings, were 0.82 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.62-1.10) and 0.79 (95% CI 0.57-1.11), respectively, and adjusted hazard ratios for the risk of all-cause mortality were 0.97 (95% CI 0.75-1.27) and 0.85 (95% CI 0.61-1.20), respectively. There was no effect modification by age or sex. Conclusion. No increase in the risk of suspected or confirmed COVID-19 or mortality was observed among patients with OA in a primary care setting who were prescribed NSAIDs as compared to those who received comparator drugs. These results are reassuring and suggest that in the absence of acute illness, NSAIDs can be safely prescribed during the ongoing pandemic.
ADDITIONAL DISCLOSURES Authors Byne, Dhalla, and Acosta-Mena are employees of Cegedim Rx.
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