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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality 0% Improvement Relative Risk Azizi et al. Aspirin for COVID-19 Prophylaxis Is prophylaxis with aspirin beneficial for COVID-19? Retrospective 262 patients in Iran No significant difference in mortality Azizi et al., J. Nephropharmacology, doi:10.34172/npj.2023.10506 Favors aspirin Favors control

A study on the effect of aspirin on clinical symptoms, laboratory indices, and outcomes in patients with COVID-19

Azizi et al., Journal of Nephropharmacology, doi:10.34172/npj.2023.10506
Azizi et al., A study on the effect of aspirin on clinical symptoms, laboratory indices, and outcomes in patients with.., Journal of Nephropharmacology, doi:10.34172/npj.2023.10506
Feb 2023   Source   PDF  
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Retrospective 131 COVID-19 patients with aspirin use and 131 matched controls in Iran, showing no significant difference in outcomes, however age matching used only two categories, 40-60 and 60+, therefore matching may be very poor given the relationship between age and COVID-19 risk. The percentages given for the control group death/recovery outcomes do not match the reported counts. This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: age matching based on only two categories, matching may be very poor given the relationship between age and COVID-19 risk; inconsistent data.
risk of death, no change, RR 1.00, p = 1.00, treatment 17 of 131 (13.0%), control 17 of 131 (13.0%).
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Azizi et al., 17 Feb 2023, retrospective, Iran, peer-reviewed, 6 authors.
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A study on the effect of aspirin on clinical symptoms, laboratory indices, and outcomes in patients with COVID-19
Roham Azizi, Maryam Dehghani Mobarak, Reza Goujani, Soheil Mohsen Nabi-Afjadi, Mousavi Rizi, Ahmadreza Maghsoudi, A R T I C L E I N F O
In a cross-sectional and observational study, the case and control groups were selected based on aspirin use, with non-users divided into two groups (131 medical records of patients with COVID-19 who administered aspirin and 131 of the group of patients with COVID-19 without aspirin administration). Aspirin was found to be ineffective in treating clinical symptoms, laboratory indices, and outcomes in COVID-19 patients.
Authors' contribution The principal investigators of the present study were RA and MDM. AM contributed to the conception and design of the study and revised and revaluated the manuscript. RG conducted data analysis. MNA and SMR collected data. In addition, all authors contributed to the final manuscript, read it, approved it, and attested to its accuracy and validity. Conflicts of interest The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Ethical issues The research adhered to the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. Patients' consent was obtained with their knowledge. The permission number of 154/99/30362 was granted by the Ethics Committee in Deputy of Treatment of Social Security Organization. Moreover, the authors have identified ethical concerns (including plagiarism, data fabrication, and double publication). Funding/Support None.
Abdelhafiz, Emmerton, Sinclair, Diabetes in COVID-19 pandemic-prevalence, patient characteristics and adverse outcomes, Int J Clin Pract, doi:10.1111/ijcp.14112
Chow, Khanna, Kethireddy, Yamane, Levine et al., Aspirin Use Is Associated With Decreased Mechanical Ventilation, Intensive Care Unit Admission, and In-Hospital Mortality in Hospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019, Anesth Analg, doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005292
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Ornelas, Zacharias-Millward, Menter, Davis, Lichtenberger et al., Beyond COX-1: the effects of aspirin on platelet biology and potential mechanisms of chemoprevention, Cancer Metastasis Rev, doi:10.1007/s10555-017-9675-z
Varga, Flammer, Steiger, Haberecker, Andermatt et al., Endothelial cell infection and endotheliitis in COVID-19, Lancet, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30937-5
Yang, Ng, Li, Thrombocytopenia in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (review), Hematology, doi:10.1080/10245330400026170
Zhou, Yu, Du, Fan, Liu et al., Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study, Lancet, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30566-3
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