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Adherence to Healthy Eating Index-2015 and severity of disease in hospitalised military patients with COVID-19: a cross sectional study
Parastouei et al., BMJ Military Health, doi:10.1136/military-2022-002173
Parastouei et al., Adherence to Healthy Eating Index-2015 and severity of disease in hospitalised military patients with.., BMJ Military Health, doi:10.1136/military-2022-002173
Oct 2022   Source   PDF  
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Retrospective 295 hospitalized COVID-19 patients in Iran, showing significantly lower HEI-2015 diet scores for patients admitted to the ICU. Adjusted results are only provided for HEI-2015 score as a continuous variable.
Parastouei et al., 6 Oct 2022, Iran, peer-reviewed, mean age 55.4, 7 authors, study period May 2020 - November 2020.
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Adherence to Healthy Eating Index-2015 and severity of disease in hospitalised military patients with COVID-19: a cross sectional study
Karim Parastouei, S Shokooee Jud, M Sepandi, S Abbaszadeh, M Samadi, G H Meftahi, Dr M Taghdir
BMJ Military Health, doi:10.1136/military-2022-002173
Introduction Proper nutrition can play an important role in preventing and improving disease progression in patients with COVID-19. The Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) is one of the most common measures used to assess overall nutritional quality. This research aimed to identify the relationship between the HEI-2015 score and disease severity in hospitalised military patients with COVID-19. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in 295 hospitalised military patients (retired military and military reserve) with COVID-19. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess food intake. To evaluate the quality of the diet, the HEI-2015 score was calculated. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to measure the association between HEI-2015 scores and disease severity (intensive care unit (ICU) admission and length of hospital stay greater than 4 days) in hospitalised military patients with COVID-19. Results The mean HEI-2015 score was significantly higher in non-ICU patients than in ICU patients (58.39±15.02 vs 53.54±15.65, p=0.01). After adjusting for possible confounding factors including age, sex, comorbidities, calorie intake, body mass index and physical activity, adherence to HEI-2015 inversely related to ICU admission (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.95 to 1.00) and length of hospital stay of more than 4 days (OR 0.99; 95% CI 0.97 to 1.00) in hospitalised military patients with COVID-19, although statistically not significant. Conclusions According to the results of the study, adherence to HEI-2015 inversely related to both ICU admission and length of hospital stay in hospitalised military patients with COVID-19, although it was not statistically significant. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ON THIS TOPIC ⇒ To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the relationship between the Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) score and severity of illness in hospitalised military patients with COVID-19. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS ⇒ The mean HEI-2015 score was significantly higher in non-intensive care unit (ICU) military patients than in ICU patients. ⇒ Adherence to HEI-2015 inversely related to ICU admission and length of hospital stay of more than 4 days in hospitalised military patients with COVID-19, although it was not statistically significant. HOW THIS STUDY MIGHT AFFECT RESEARCH, PRACTICE OR POLICY ⇒ It appears that a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, protein foods, dairy products and healthy fats could be effective in reducing the severity of COVID-19 disease.
Original research otherwise determined by BMJ. You may download and print the article for any lawful, non-commercial purpose (including text and data mining) provided that all copyright notices and trade marks are retained. ORCID iDs M Sepandi M Taghdir
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