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Relationship of contactin-1 with a number of trace elements in Iraqi rheumatoid arthritis patients with and without COVID-19

Mahmoud et al., International journal of health sciences, doi:10.53730/ijhs.v6nS5.12091
Aug 2022  
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Zinc for COVID-19
2nd treatment shown to reduce risk in July 2020
 
*, now with p = 0.00000064 from 45 studies, recognized in 17 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine treatments. * >10% efficacy, ≥3 studies.
4,400+ studies for 79 treatments. c19early.org
Retrospective 56 rheumatoid arthritis patients, 28 with COVID-19, showing lower zinc levels in COVID-19 patients.
Mahmoud et al., 23 Aug 2022, China, peer-reviewed, 2 authors, study period November 2021 - February 2022. Contact: han20u4154@uoanbar.edu.iq.
This PaperZincAll
relationship of contactin-1 with a number of trace elements in Iraqi rheumatoid arthritis patients with and without COVID-19
Hanaa S Mahmoud, Shakir F T Alaaraji
International journal of health sciences, doi:10.53730/ijhs.v6ns5.12091
Anti-inflammatory intermediaries like contactin-1 (CNTN-1) play an essential role in regulating several diseases, such as Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). This paper explores the relationship between CNTN-1 and a number of trace elements in RA patients with and without COVID19. Accordingly, it investigates whether there are any correlations between CNTN-1 and some trace elements. Materials and Methods: The paper involved 56 patients, where 28 suffer from RA without any complications, the other 28 have RA with COVID19 attending Al-Fallujah teaching hospital and 28 healthy persons matching in age, sex and ethnic background as control group. Serum level of contactin-1 was estimated by ELISA technique while Uric acid, urea, creatinine, lipid Profile, zinc, copper, ferrous and magnesium were assessed by colorimetric enzymatic methods. Results: The results demonstrated that Contactin-1 serum concentrations had existed more significantly in patients with and without COVID19. However, RA patients and RA with Covid-19 patients showed lower levels of magnesium (Mg), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe) and Fe/Cu ratio. High serum concentrations of CNTN-1 have been identified and associated positively with ESR and Cu/Zn, while serum concentrations of CNTC-1 were positively related with total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), copper (Cu), zn and iron (Fe). Compared to other biomarkers studies, ESR and CNTN-1 showed the highest ROC curve value. Conclusion: Serum CNTN-1 levels can be used as a novel biomarker in the detection of RA and may be an effective biomarker in the diagnostic of RA with and without COVID19.
References
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