Kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside for COVID-19
Kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside has been reported as potentially beneficial for treatment of COVID-19. We have not reviewed these studies. See all other treatments.
Computer-assisted drug discovery of potential natural inhibitors of the SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase through a multi-phase in silico approach, Antiviral Therapy, doi:10.1177/13596535231199838 ,
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has led to significant loss of life and economic disruption worldwide. Currently, there are limited effective treatments available for this disease. SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (SARS-CoV-2 RdRp) has been identified as a potential target for drug development against COVID-19. Natural products have been shown to possess antiviral properties, making them a promising source for developing drugs against SARS-CoV-2. Objectives The objective of this study is to identify the most effective natural inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp among a set of 4924 African natural products using a multi-phase in silico approach. Methods The study utilized remdesivir (RTP), the co-crystallized ligand of RdRp, as a starting point to select compounds that have the most similar chemical structures among the examined set of compounds. Molecular fingerprints and structure similarity studies were carried out in the first part of the study. The second part of the study included molecular docking against SARS-CoV-2 RdRp (PDB ID: 7BV2) and Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations including the calculation of RMSD, RMSF, Rg, SASA, hydrogen bonding, and PLIP. Moreover, the calculations of Molecular mechanics with generalised Born and surface area solvation (MM-GBSA) Lennard-Jones and Columbic electrostatic interaction energies have been conducted. Additionally, in silico ADMET and toxicity studies were performed to examine the drug likeness degrees of the selected compounds. Results Eight compounds were identified as the most effective natural inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp. These compounds are kaempferol 3-galactoside, kaempferol 3- O- β-D-glucopyranoside, mangiferin methyl ether, luteolin 7- O- β-D-glucopyranoside, quercetin- O- β-D-3-glucopyranoside, 1-methoxy-3-indolylmethyl glucosinolate, naringenin, and asphodelin A 4’- O- β-D-glucopyranoside. Conclusion The results of this study provide valuable information for the development of natural product-based drugs against COVID-19. However, the elected compounds should be further studied in vitro and in vivo to confirm their efficacy in treating COVID-19.
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