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Assessment of Some Physiological Parameters and Trace Elements in Covid 19 Patients, Iraq

Jabbar et al., Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.04.044
Oct 2022  
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Analysis of 100 COVID-19 and 100 healthy patients in Iraq, showing significantly lower zinc levels for COVID-19 patients.
Jabbar et al., 7 Oct 2022, retrospective, Iraq, peer-reviewed, 3 authors. Contact:,,
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Assessment of Some Physiological Parameters and Trace Elements in Covid 19 Patients, Iraq
Enas Abdul, Kareem Jabbar, Ahmed Salman Abdulhasan, Afrah Abid Maktoof
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.04.044
The current study aims to estimate the number of physiological parameters including (LDH, D-dimer, and ferritin statuses and a some of trace elements (zink and magnesium), as well as demographic criteria such us (age, employment status, and habitation) that are believed to be directly and indirectly related to infection with prognosis in Iraqi COVID-19 patients, In the current study, a significant increase in LDH, -Ddimer and ferritin (613.34 ± 203.62, 666.76 ± 157.36, 596.81 ± 146.66) was observed in patients with Covid-19 compared to healthy people (150.10 ± 27.42, 191.45 ± 58.82, 198.92 ± 63.85), In addition to a significant decrease in the percentage of oxygen (86.64 ± 3.42) for patients with Covid 19, As for the trace elements, a significant decrease in zinc and magnesium (65.39 ± 6.04, 1.53 ± 0.10) was observed for patients with Covid-19 compared to healthy people (94.42 ± 12.73, 2.09 ± 0.23). As for age, it was noted in this study that the 40-69 age group is the most affected (59 %), as well as the employment status it was noted that employees are the most vulnerable to the disease, and that those who live in cities are the most affected by Covid 19, as conclusion that age, functional status, and area of residence are risk factors affecting infection with Covid-19, and that measuring oxygen saturation, LDH, Ddimer and ferritin are good specific parameters for determining infection and for knowing the severity of the disease in addition to measuring the trace elements that have a direct and indirect role in infection with covid 19 and the deterioration of the patient's health condition
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