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All Studies   Meta Analysis    Recent:   
0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Viral clearance -383% Improvement Relative Risk Antipyretics  Dzieciolowska et al.  EARLY TREATMENT Is early treatment with antipyretics beneficial for COVID-19? Prospective study in Canada Antipyretic medications not specified c19early.org Dzieciolowska et al., Clinical Infecti.., Jun 2023 Favors antipyretics Favors control

Timing and Predictors of Loss of Infectivity Among Healthcare Workers With Mild Primary and Recurrent Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Prospective Observational Cohort Study

Dzieciolowska et al., Clinical Infectious Diseases, doi:10.1093/cid/ciad535 (date from preprint)
Jun 2023  
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1st treatment shown to increase risk in November 2020
 
*, now known with p = 0.00000029 from 27 studies, but still recommended in 46 countries.
* From meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,100+ studies for 60+ treatments. c19early.org
Prospective study of 121 healthcare workers with COVID-19, showing higher risk of viral infectivity with antipyretic use. The antipyretic medications are not specified. Day 5 results exclude the fever group, while the day 7 and day 10 results combine the fever group without specifying antipyretic use.
Acetaminophen is also known as paracetamol, Tylenol, Panadol, Calpol, Tempra, Calprofen, Doliprane, Efferalgan, Grippostad C, Dolo, Acamol, Fevadol, Crocin, and Perfalgan.
risk of no viral clearance, 383.0% higher, OR 4.83, p = 0.02, adjusted per study, multivariable, day 5, RR approximated with OR.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
Dzieciolowska et al., 18 Jun 2023, prospective, Canada, peer-reviewed, 14 authors. Contact: yves.longtin@mcgill.ca.
This PaperAcetaminophenAll
Timing and Predictors of Loss of Infectivity among Healthcare Workers with Primary and Recurrent COVID-19: a Prospective Observational Cohort Study
MD Stefka Dzieciolowska, PhD Hugues Charest, Tonya Roy, MD Judith Fafard, MD, MPH, PhD Sara Carazo, PhD Ines Levade, MD Jean Longtin, Leighanne Parkes, TM Sylvie Nancy Beaulac, MD Jasmin Villeneuve, MD, MSc Patrice Savard, PhD Jacques Corbeil, Gaston De Serres, MD Yves Longtin
doi:10.1101/2023.06.16.23291449
Background: There is a need to understand the duration of infectivity of primary and recurrent COVID-19 and identify predictors of loss of infectivity. Methods: Prospective observational cohort study with serial viral culture, rapid antigen detection test (RADT) and RT-PCR on nasopharyngeal specimens of healthcare workers with COVID-19. The primary outcome was viral culture positivity as indicative of infectivity. Predictors of loss of infectivity were determined using multivariate regression model. The performance of the US CDC criteria (fever resolution, symptom improvement and negative RADT) to predict loss of infectivity was also investigated. Results: 121 participants (91 female [79.3%]; average age, 40 years) were enrolled. Most (n=107, 88.4%) had received ≥3 SARS-CoV-2 vaccine doses, and 20 (16.5%) had COVID-19 previously. Viral culture positivity decreased from 71.9% (87/121) on day 5 of infection to 18.2% (22/121) on day 10. Participants with recurrent COVID-19 had a lower likelihood of infectivity than those with primary COVID-19 at each follow-up (day 5 OR, 0.14; p<0.001]; day 7 OR, 0.04; p=0.003]) and were all non-infective by day 10 (p=0.02). Independent predictors of infectivity included prior on day 5, 0.005; p=0.003), a RT-PCR Ct value <23 (aOR on day 5, 22.75; p<0.001), but not symptom improvement or RADT result. The CDC criteria would identify 36% (24/67) of all non-infectious individuals on Day 7. However, 17% (5/29) of those meeting all the criteria had a positive viral culture. Conclusions: Infectivity of recurrent COVID-19 is shorter than primary infections. Loss of infectivity algorithms could be optimized. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19 ) is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). 1 The current evidence regarding duration of infectivity rely on viral culture to detect shedding of replication-competent virus (also called viable or infectious virus). These studies suggest that immunocompetent individuals with non-severe COVID-19 can remain infective for up to 10 days. 2-6 While infective, healthcare workers (HCWs) with COVID-19 must refrain from working to prevent nosocomial transmission. 7,8 However, the timing of their return to work is complicated by the interindividual variation in the durations of infectivity. Approximately a fifth of individuals may be infective for as little as 5 days, while approximately a quarter can remain infective for 10 days or more. 9 Determinants of loss of infectivity are largely unknown, but could be useful to optimize the return-towork of infected HCWs. To limit absenteeism, 10 the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and European CDC have provided guidance to allow earlier return to work of eligible HCWs. 7,8 These algorithms use readily available information such as symptom improvement and the result of rapid antigen detection tests (RADT) to predict loss of infectivity. 7,8 However, whether these criteria can..
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The performance of the US Centers for ' 'Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) criteria (fever resolution, symptom improvement, and ' 'negative RADT) to predict loss of infectivity was also investigated.</jats:p>\n' ' </jats:sec>\n' ' <jats:sec>\n' ' <jats:title>Results</jats:title>\n' ' <jats:p>In total, 121 participants (91 female [79.3%]; average age, 40 ' 'years) were enrolled. Most (n = 107, 88.4%) had received ≥3 severe acute respiratory syndrome ' 'coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine doses, and 20 (16.5%) had COVID-19 previously. Viral ' 'culture positivity decreased from 71.9% (87/121) on day 5 of infection to 18.2% (22/121) on ' 'day 10. Participants with recurrent COVID-19 had a lower likelihood of infectivity than those ' 'with primary COVID-19 at each follow-up (day 5 odds ratio [OR], 0.14; P &amp;lt; .001]; day 7 ' 'OR, 0.04; P = .003]) and were all non-infective by day 10 (P = .02). Independent predictors ' 'of infectivity included prior COVID-19 (adjusted OR [aOR] on day 5, 0.005; P = .003), an ' 'RT-PCR cycle threshold [Ct] value &amp;lt;23 (aOR on day 5, 22.75; P &amp;lt; .001) but not ' 'symptom improvement or RADT result.</jats:p>\n' ' <jats:p>The CDC criteria would identify 36% (24/67) of all non-infectious ' 'individuals on day 7. However, 17% (5/29) of those meeting all the criteria had a positive ' 'viral culture.</jats:p>\n' ' </jats:sec>\n' ' <jats:sec>\n' ' <jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title>\n' ' <jats:p>Infectivity of recurrent COVID-19 is shorter than primary ' 'infections. Loss of infectivity algorithms could be optimized.</jats:p>\n' ' </jats:sec>', 'author': [ { 'affiliation': [{'name': 'McGill University Faculty of Medicine , Montréal , Canada'}], 'family': 'Dzieciolowska', 'given': 'Stefania', 'sequence': 'first'}, { 'affiliation': [ {'name': 'Faculté de médecine, Université de Montréal , Montréal , Canada'}, { 'name': 'Laboratoire de Santé Publique du Québec , ' 'Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue , Canada'}, { 'name': 'Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec , Québec City , ' 'Canada'}], 'family': 'Charest', 'given': 'Hugues', 'sequence': 'additional'}, { 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'Laboratoire de Santé Publique du Québec , ' 'Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue , Canada'}, { 'name': 'Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec , Québec City , ' 'Canada'}], 'family': 'Roy', 'given': 'Tonya', 'sequence': 'additional'}, { 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'Laboratoire de Santé Publique du Québec , ' 'Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue , Canada'}, { 'name': 'Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec , Québec City , ' 'Canada'}], 'family': 'Fafard', 'given': 'Judith', 'sequence': 'additional'}, { 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec , Québec City , ' 'Canada'}, {'name': 'Université Laval , Québec City , Canada'}], 'family': 'Carazo', 'given': 'Sara', 'sequence': 'additional'}, { 'affiliation': [ { 'name': 'Laboratoire de Santé Publique du Québec , ' 'Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue , Canada'}, { 'name': 'Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec , Québec City , ' 'Canada'}], 'family': 'Levade', 'given': 'Ines', 'sequence': 'additional'}, { 'affiliation': [{'name': 'CHU de Québec—Université Laval , Québec City , Canada'}], 'family': 'Longtin', 'given': 'Jean', 'sequence': 'additional'}, { 'affiliation': [ {'name': 'McGill University Faculty of Medicine , Montréal , Canada'}, { 'name': 'Jewish General Hospital Sir Mortimer B. 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syndrome ' 'coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants with implications for timing of ' 'release from isolation: a longitudinal cohort study', 'author': 'Bouton', 'doi-asserted-by': 'crossref', 'first-page': 'e227', 'journal-title': 'Clin Infect Dis', 'key': '2023092912513658500_ciad535-B38', 'volume': '76', 'year': '2023'}, { 'DOI': '10.1128/JCM.00469-21', 'article-title': 'Can testing predict SARS-CoV-2 infectivity? 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Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. c19early involves the extraction of 100,000+ datapoints from thousands of papers. Community updates help ensure high accuracy. Treatments and other interventions are complementary. All practical, effective, and safe means should be used based on risk/benefit analysis. No treatment or intervention is 100% available and effective for all current and future variants. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation. FLCCC and WCH provide treatment protocols.
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